Ronald S Pimentel

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OBJECTIVE To determine the efficacy of CT scan in mapping the superior and inferior epigastric vessels, relative to landmarks apparent at laparoscopy. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA Trauma to abdominal wall blood vessels occurs in 0.2% to 2% of laparoscopic procedures. Both superficial and deep abdominal wall vessels are at risk. The superficial vessels may be(More)
Autochthonous Wuchereria bancrofti microfilaraemic cases from three neighbouring cities of Northeast Brazil (Recife, Jaboatao and Olinda) were selected from thick smear or filtration positive individuals and classified by their microfilarial (mf) densities through polycarbonate membrane blood filtration. Individuals were subdivided into two groups:(More)
OBJECTIVE Endoscopic ultrasound (EUS) provides important information in the initial staging of patients with esophageal cancer. With recent modifications in chemoradiotherapy protocols, a significant number of patients have no residual tumor at esophagectomy. The high surgical morbidity and mortality might be avoided if complete response to(More)
Chronic pulmonary infection and intestinal malabsorption often lead to malnutrition in children and adults with cystic fibrosis (CF). Appetite stimulants, along with provision of adequate calories, may aid in overcoming nutritional deficits, allowing a better prognosis. We undertook a trial of cyproheptadine hydrochloride (CH) to determine its effectiveness(More)
Treatment of rats with daily doses of 20 mg of lindane/kg for 3 consecutive days led to the accumulation of the insecticide in several tissues, including erythrocytes and liver. Lindane did not alter the hematocrit and hemoglobin concentration but reduced methemoglobin levels by 17%. Red blood cells from controls and lindane-treated rats, exposed to t-butyl(More)
The administration of lindane (60 mg/kg) to fed rats diminished the content of hepatic glutathione (GSH) 4 h after treatment, which was recovered at 24 h. At these experimental times, the activities of glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase, glutathione-S-transferases and gamma-glutamyltransferase in the liver of lindane-treated rats and control(More)
The effect of hyperthyroidism on liver glutathione (GSH) metabolism was studied in fed rats after the administration of 0.1 mg T3/kg body wt, for 1-3 consecutive days. T3-calorigenesis resulted in elevated rates of O2 consumption by the liver, together with higher lipid peroxidative processes and GSH depletion, compared to the euthyroid state. The study of(More)
1. Lindane administered to untreated rats or rats pretreated with phenobarbital (PB) or 3-methylcholanthrene (MC) increased liver lipid peroxidation, of the same magnitude in all groups. 2. PB pretreatment produced a 50% increase in lipid peroxidation (TBAR) by liver homogenates and microsomes, an effect accompanied by increases in cytochrome P-450,(More)
OBJECTIVE Endoanal ultrasonography can detect organic causes of anal pain without pathology on physical examination. The aim of this study is to evaluate the importance of endoanal ultrasonography in the diagnosis and therapeutic management of idiopathic and functional anal pain. MATERIAL AND METHODS Retrospective study, between 15 March 2005 and 15 June(More)