Ronald S. Kaplan

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The mitochondrial citrate transport protein (CTP) has been investigated by replacing 22 consecutive residues within transmembrane domain IV, one at a time, with cysteine. A cysteine-less CTP retaining wild-type functional properties served as the starting template. The single Cys CTP variants were overexpressed in Escherichia coli, isolated, and(More)
The mitochondrial dicarboxylate carrier has been substantially purified from rat liver mitoplasts by extraction with Triton X-114 in the presence of cardiolipin followed by chromatography on hydroxylapatite. Upon incorporation of the hydroxylapatite eluate into phospholipid vesicles, an n-butylmalonate-sensitive malonate/malate exchange has been(More)
The gene encoding the mitochondrial citrate transport protein (CTP) in the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been identified, and its protein product has been overexpressed in Escherichia coli. The expressed CTP accumulates in inclusion bodies and can be solubilized with sarkosyl. Approximately 25 mg of solubilized CTP at a purity of 75% is obtained per(More)
A gene encoding the mitochondrial dicarboxylate transport protein (DTP) has been identified for the first time from any organism. Our strategy involved overexpression of putative mitochondrial transporter genes, selected based on analysis of the yeast genome, followed by purification and functional reconstitution of the resulting protein products. The DTP(More)
The amino acid sequence of the rat liver mitochondrial tricarboxylate transport protein has been deduced from its corresponding cDNA. Using the polymerase chain reaction, with primers derived from amino acid sequence information that we obtained by direct sequencing of the purified transporter and its internal peptides, a cDNA fragment was amplified that(More)
To explore the spatial organization and functional dynamics of the citrate transport protein (CTP), a nitroxide scan was carried out along 22 consecutive residues within the fourth transmembrane domain (TMDIV). This domain has been implicated as being of unique importance to the CTP mechanism due to (i) the presence of two intramembranous positive charges(More)
The objective of the present investigation was to identify the substrate binding site(s) within the yeast mitochondrial citrate transport protein (CTP). Our strategy involved kinetically characterizing 30 single-Cys CTP mutants that we had previously constructed based on their hypothesized importance in the structure-based mechanism of this carrier. As part(More)
The effect of streptozotocin-induced diabetes on the levels of functional mitochondrial anion transport proteins has been determined. The experimental approach utilized for these studies consisted of the extraction of each of four mitochondrial anion transport proteins from rat liver mitoplasts (isolated from diabetic and control animals) with the nonionic(More)
Utilizing site-directed mutagenesis in combination with chemical modification of mutated residues, we have studied the roles of cysteine and arginine residues in the mitochondrial citrate transport protein (CTP) from Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Our strategy consisted of the sequential replacement of each of the four endogenous cysteine residues with Ser or in(More)
The effect of insulin supplementation on diabetes-induced alterations in the levels of functional mitochondrial anion transport proteins has been determined. The experimental approach consisted of the extraction of the pyruvate, dicarboxylate, and citrate transport proteins from the mitochondrial inner membrane with Triton X-114 using rat liver mitoplasts(More)