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We investigated the in vitro effects of both psychoactive and nonpsychoactive marijuana components on leukocyte secretion of the immunoregulatory cytokines interleukin-1 alpha (IL-1), tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF), interferon-gamma (IFN) and interleukin-2 (IL-2). Psychoactive delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and nonpsychoactive cannabidiol (CBD) were(More)
The procyanidin-rich French maritime pine bark extract Pycnogenol (PBE) has been investigated for its effect in protecting human skin against solar UV-simulated light-induced erythema. Twenty-one volunteers were given an oral supplementation of Pycnogenol: 1.10 mg/kg body weight (b. wt.)/d for the first 4 weeks and 1.66 mg/kg b. wt./d for the next 4 weeks.(More)
Two of the most interesting questions often asked about AIDS is why many people do not become immunodeficient or get complicating disease when first infected with Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) and what are the "risk factors" making some individuals more susceptible to the disease. A large majority of people with AIDS have a well established history of(More)
Female C57BL/6 mice were infected with LP-BM5 retrovirus, causing murine AIDS, which is functionally similar to human AIDS. Vitamin E effects on immune functions, cytokine production and nutritional concentrations in retrovirus-infected mice were determined. Retrovirus infection inhibited release of interleukin-2 (IL) and interferon-gamma (IFN) and some(More)
beta-Carotene is a nontoxic carotenoid with immunomodulating properties in animals and humans. Based on our observations in normal immunocompetent subjects, we studied the effects of this compound in 11 patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Each subject received 60 mg of beta-carotene daily for 4 mo. Clinical and laboratory studies(More)
  • R R Watson
  • 1981
Severe protein deficiencies such as kwashiorkor result in immunosuppression of humoral cellular and mucosal immune systems. These suppressions result in a greater incidence of disease in animals and humans and create increased risks of morbidity and mortality due to infectious disease or neoplasias. The effect of moderate protein-calorie deficiency on(More)
We studied MLN (mesenteric lymph nodes) T cell phenotype and MLN T and B cells homing properties after murine AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) infection. Our results showed an increase in the percentage of CD4+ cells expressing CD44, CD54 and LPAM-1. There was also a decrease in the proportion of CD8+ cells but an increase in the percentage of CD8+(More)
Anthocyanins represent water-soluble flavonoid species, commonly found in higher plants, the richest plant source representing berries. While all anthocyanins present with antioxidant activity, the delphinidins represent the most potent antioxidant anthocyanin species owed to largest number of hydroxyl groups in the B-ring. The richest known natural source(More)
Retrovirus infection, cocaine administration, and nutritional deficiencies are known to individually produce impairment of the immune system. Therefore, we developed a murine model to study the effect of daily cocaine administration, protein malnutrition, and retrovirus infection causing murine AIDS on the lymphoid cell populations of the thymus. C57BL/6(More)
LP-BM5 murine leukemia virus (MuLV) infection induces an immunodeficient state in susceptible strains of mice. It has been previously characterized at the level of spleen and peripheral lymph nodes. We recently demonstrated that LP-BM5 MuLV-infected mice lost intestinal host resistance to common opportunistic pathogens. In this article we investigated how(More)