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The Cu, Fe, and Zn contents of early milk from 102 American mothers were examined in relation to stage of lactation, intake of prenatal mineral supplements, maternal age, parity, and previous history of lactation. A total of 412 samples was collected at three stages of lactation: early transitional (4 to 7 days postpartum); transitional (10 to 14 days(More)
Three experiments were conducted to test the hypothesis that extruding cottonseed meal (CSM) with supplemental lysine improves its feeding value by detoxifying gossypol. The performance of 1-wk-old straight-run Peterson x Arbor Acres broiler chicks fed diets containing 20% feed-grade or extruded CSM was compared with that of control chicks fed corn and(More)
Two components having ribonuclease (EC activity were isolated from human milk. Each component of human milk ribonuclease (RNAase) moved at a slightly different rate when electrophoresed on polyacrylamide gel but at the same rate when ultracentrifuged. The major component had a molecular weight of approx. 14 000, an isoelectric point of pH 7.9, and(More)
Early milk samples from 102 American mothers were examined for Ca, P, and Mg contents in relation to stage of lactation, intake of prenatal mineral supplements, maternal age, parity, and previous history of lactation. A total of 415 samples were collected at three stages of lactation: early transitional (4-7 days postpartum); transitional (10-14 days(More)
Fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs) of pure triglyceride standards, oils, and fat from dry matrixes were formed by transesterification using sodium methoxide in methanol-hexane. FAMEs were produced by direct addition of sodium methoxide-hexane to samples and heating to simultaneously extract and transesterify acyl lipids. FAMEs were quantitated by capillary(More)
A liquid chromatographic method is described for the determination of ergot alkaloids in wheat. Ergonovine, ergotamine, ergocornine, alpha-ergocryptine, and ergocristine are extracted from wheat with methanol-0.25% concentrated H3PO4 (40 + 60) pH 2.2, cleaned up by using a solid-phase extraction (SPE) disk, and separated by reversed-phase liquid(More)
A tri-enzyme digestion procedure using chicken pancreas conjugase, alpha-amylase, and Pronase was evaluated to determine its usefulness in the microbiological quantitation of total folate in foods. Folate values obtained by traditional conjugase digestion were compared to those obtained by the tri-enzyme method for 12 food products that represent diverse(More)
A high pressure liquid chromatographic method was developed using high pressure gel permeation chromatography (HP-GPC) and high pressure reverse phase chromatography (RP-HPLC) for quantitation of retinyl palmitate and beta-carotene. HP-GPC was used for fractionation of vitamin A active compounds from oil preliminary to quantitation on nonaqueous RP-HPLC.(More)
Vitamin A (vitamin A palmitate) and vitamin E (alpha-tocopheryl acetate) levels were determined in 77 samples of fortified infant formulas manufactured by 4 firms in the United States from 1981 to 1983 and were compared by formulation base (soy, milk) and manufacturing firm. For vitamin A and vitamin E, the mean values (IU/100 kcal) were 454 +/- 95 (range(More)
Tocopherols in commercially grown normal, mid- and high-oleic Runner peanuts from 2005 and 2006 were quantified to give accurate vitamin E contents. Tocopherols were extracted from raw peanuts by a direct solvent extraction procedure using 10% ethyl acetate in hexanes that provided percent recoveries of 105.4, 101.2, 103.9, and 102.8 for alpha-tocopherol(More)