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Galectins are a family of beta-galactoside-binding proteins that contain characteristic amino acid sequences in the carbohydrate recognition domain (CRD) of the polypeptide. The polypeptide of galectin-1 contains a single domain, the CRD. The polypeptide of galectin-3 has two domains, a carboxyl-terminal CRD fused onto a proline- and glycine-rich(More)
We have shown that galectin-1 and galectin-3 are functionally redundant splicing factors. Now we provide evidence that both galectins are directly associated with spliceosomes by analyzing RNAs and proteins of complexes immunoprecipitated by galectin-specific antisera. Both galectin antisera co-precipitated splicing substrate, splicing intermediates and(More)
Galectin-3 is a galactose/lactose-binding protein (M(r) approximately 30,000), identified as a required factor in the splicing of pre-mRNA. In the LG1 strain of human diploid fibroblasts, galectin-3 could be found in both the nucleus and the cytoplasm of young, proliferating cells. In contrast, the protein was predominantly cytoplasmic in senescent LG1(More)
PURPOSE We describe imaging features that are clues to the diagnosis of atretic cephaloceles and discuss clinical findings and a possible mechanism by which these lesions develop. METHODS Eight children (five girls and three boys) ranging in age from 1 day to 3 years 4 months with midline subscalp lesions underwent radiologic examination with CT or MR(More)
Galectin-3, a factor involved in the splicing of pre-mRNA, shuttles between the nucleus and the cytoplasm. Previous studies have shown that incubation of fibroblasts with leptomycin B resulted in the accumulation of galectin-3 in the nucleus, suggesting that the export of galectin-3 from the nucleus may be mediated by the CRM1 receptor. A candidate nuclear(More)
Galectin-3, a factor involved in the splicing of pre-mRNA, shuttles between the nucleus and the cytoplasm. We have engineered a vector that expresses the fusion protein containing the following: (a) green fluorescent protein as a reporter of localization, (b) bacterial maltose-binding protein to increase the size of the reporter polypeptide, and (c)(More)
This review summarizes selected studies on galectin-3 (Gal3) as an example of the dynamic behavior of a carbohydrate-binding protein in the cytoplasm and nucleus of cells. Within the 15-member galectin family of proteins, Gal3 (M(r) approximately 30,000) is the sole representative of the chimera subclass in which a proline- and glycine-rich NH(2)-terminal(More)
Galectin-1 (Gal1) and galectin-3 (Gal3) are two members of a family of carbohydrate-binding proteins that are found in the nucleus and that participate in pre-mRNA splicing assayed in a cell-free system. When nuclear extracts (NE) of HeLa cells were subjected to adsorption on a fusion protein containing glutathione S-transferase (GST) and Gal3, the general(More)
Previous experiments had established that galectin-3 (Gal3) is a factor involved in cell-free splicing of pre-mRNA. Addition of monoclonal antibody NCL-GAL3, whose epitope maps to the NH2-terminal 14 amino acids of Gal3, to a splicing-competent nuclear extract inhibited the splicing reaction. In contrast, monoclonal antibody anti-Mac-2, whose epitope maps(More)