Ronald P. Preston

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A new CMOS microprocessor, the Alpha 21164, reaches 1,200 mips/600 MFLOPS (peak performance). This new implementation of the Alpha architecture achieves SPECint92/SPECfp92 performance of 345/505 (estimated). At these performance levels, the Alpha 21164 has delivered the highest performance of any commercially available microprocessor in the world as of(More)
— Three generations of Alpha microprocessors have been designed using a proven custom design methodology. The performance of these microprocessors was optimized by focusing on high-frequency design. The Alpha instruction set architecture facilitates high clock speed, and the chip organization for each generation was carefully chosen to meet critical paths.(More)
The 21164 is a new quad-issue, superscalar Alpha microprocessor that executes 1.2 billion instructions per second. Available this January, the 3OO-MHz,0.5-pm CMOS chip delivers an estimated 345/505 SPECint92/SPECfp92 performance. The design's high clock rate, low operational latency, and high-throughput/nonblocking memory systems contribute to this(More)
A 300-MHz, custom 64-bit VLSI, second-generation Alpha CPU chip has been developed. The chip was designed in a 0.5-um CMOS technology using four levels of metal. The die size is 16.5 mm by 18.1 mm, contains 9.3 million transistors, operates at 3.3 V, and supports 3.3-V/5.0-V interfaces. Power dissipation is 50 W. It contains an 8-KB instruction cache; an(More)
1 Abstract The NVAX CPU chip is a 1.3 million transistor, VAX microprocessor designed in Digital's 0.75-micrometer CMOS-4 technology. It has a typical cycle time of 12 ns under worst-case operating conditions. The goal of the chip design team was to design a high-performance, robust, and reliable chip, within the constraints of a short schedule. Design(More)
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