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We conducted a Phase I open-label trial of 2',3'-dideoxyinosine (ddI) for the treatment of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and severe AIDS-related complex. A single daily dose of ddI was administered orally to 34 patients (17 with AIDS and 17 with AIDS-related complex) for a median of 12 weeks (range, 2 to 56). We studied six dose levels from(More)
The red blood cell half-life as determined by 51Cr-labelled autologous cells in five adult sheep was 13.7 days. In contrast, the red blood cell life span measured by cohort 59Fe-labelling in six adult sheep was 111.7 days. The rapid loss of 51Cr-activity from the circulation appears to result from rapid elution of the label from the circulating red cells.(More)
The nucleoside analogue cordycepin (3'-deoxyadenosine, 3'-dA) is substantially more cytotoxic to terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase positive (TdT+) leukemic cells than to TdT leukemic cells in vitro in the presence of an adenosine deaminase inhibitor, deoxycoformycin (dCF), and has been considered as a therapeutic agent for TdT+ leukemia. The(More)
In a phase I dosage-finding trial, 2',3'-dideoxyinosine (didanosine; ddI) was administered once daily to 36 patients with AIDS or AIDS-related complex for up to 65 weeks (mean, 32.1 weeks) at six dosage levels. Thirteen of 18 patients previously treated with zidovudine had developed hematologic intolerance. The maximal tolerated dosage of ddI was 12(More)
Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) arising following exposure to genotoxic agents has been recognized as a distinctive entity for more than 40 years. Secondary, or therapy-related, AML accounts for 10%-20% of all AML cases. This review addresses four overarching areas of investigation focused on secondary AMLs: 1) dissection of the molecular structure of the(More)
Neoplastic cells from 253 patients with leukemia and 46 patients with malignant lymphoma were studied for the presence of terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT) by biochemical and fluorescent antibody technics. TdT was detected in circulating blast cells from 73 of 77 patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia, 24 of 72 patients with chronic(More)
The 2',3'-dideoxynucleosides (ddNs) are currently undergoing clinical evaluation as antiretroviral agents in HIV-infected individuals. When phosphorylated, the ddNs (ddNTPs) function as chain-terminating substrate analogues with reverse transcriptase, thereby inhibiting HIV replication. These nucleoside analogues can also inhibit, by chain-terminating(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the rate of development of in vitro HIV resistance to (-)2'-deoxy-3'-thiacytidine (3TC) and relate the effect of dose to emergence of resistance. METHODS HIV-infected men and non-pregnant women, aged > or = 18 years, with a CD4 count < or = 300 x 10(6)/l cells were followed in a Phase I/II study, in which they were evaluated for(More)