Ronald P. McCaffrey

Learn More
Neoplastic cells from 253 patients with leukemia and 46 patients with malignant lymphoma were studied for the presence of terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT) by biochemical and fluorescent antibody technics. TdT was detected in circulating blast cells from 73 of 77 patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia, 24 of 72 patients with chronic(More)
We conducted a Phase I open-label trial of 2',3'-dideoxyinosine (ddI) for the treatment of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) and severe AIDS-related complex. A single daily dose of ddI was administered orally to 34 patients (17 with AIDS and 17 with AIDS-related complex) for a median of 12 weeks (range, 2 to 56). We studied six dose levels from(More)
The nucleoside analogue cordycepin (3'-deoxyadenosine, 3'-dA) is substantially more cytotoxic to terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase positive (TdT+) leukemic cells than to TdT leukemic cells in vitro in the presence of an adenosine deaminase inhibitor, deoxycoformycin (dCF), and has been considered as a therapeutic agent for TdT+ leukemia. The(More)
From October 1990 to September 1991, 20 consecutive patients with histologically proven malignant pleural mesothelioma (MPM), secondary to environmental exposure to asbestos or erionite, were treated with cisplatin, mitomycin C and alpha interferon (cisplatin 50 mg/m2 i.v. on day 1 of a 21-day cycle; mitomycin C 10 mg/m2 i.v. day 1 of cycles 1,3 and 5;(More)
The nucleoside analogue cordycepin (3'-deoxyadenosine), when protected against ADA deamination, is specifically cytotoxic for TdT-positive leukemia cells. Cordycepin-treated, ADA-inhibited, TdT-positive cells undergo the classic changes associated with drug-induced apoptosis: reduction in cell volume, chromatin clumping, membrane blebbing, and 180-bp(More)
We undertook a prospective trial to evaluate terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase activity as a predictor of responsiveness to vincristine and prednisone in 22 Philadelphia-chromosome-positive patients with blastic chronic myelogenous leukemia. Thirteen patients were transferase positive, and nine negative. None of the nine negative patients responded,(More)
Cells from a patient with childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia contain an apparent DNA polymerase activity that was not found in any other cells except thymus cells. The enzyme has the properties of terminal transferase, an enzyme known to be found in thymocytes. The cells also contain the three major DNA polymerases found in growing cells. The results(More)
The mouse thymus contains two forms of terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase (TdT) which are distinguishable by the salt concentration necessary to elute them from a phosphocellulose column, by their distrubtion among the thymocyte subpopulations, and by their sensitivity to cortisone treatment. In the whole thymus the later eluting peak (peak II) is the(More)
Peripheral leukocytes from patients with and without leukemia were assayed for presence of terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase. Activity of this enzyme was detected in circulating leukemic cells from 11 to 13 patients with acute lymphoblastic leukemia, and in one of four with chronic myelogenous leukemia in blast crisis, but not in leukocytes from(More)