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The Insall-Salvati ratio for the assessment of patellar height was the first widely used index to be relatively independent of knee flexion. Despite the subsequent publication of other indices, it remains the most widely used index. The Insall-Salvati ratio nevertheless has drawbacks, one of which has received little attention: the ratio lacks sensitivity(More)
UNLABELLED The concept and need for a gender-specific or female-specific total knee prosthesis have generated interest and discussion in the orthopaedic community and the general public. This concept relies on the assumption of a need for such a design and the opinion that there are major anatomic differences between male and female knees. Most of the(More)
In 1990, Holmes and Mow [Journal of Biomechanics 23, 1145-1156] developed a hyperelastic biphasic theory to describe finite deformation behaviors of articular cartilage. To date, however, no experimental finite deformation studies have been made to assess the ability of this constitutive model to describe its finite deformation behaviors (e.g. kinetic creep(More)
Many clinical studies have emphasized the role of the hamstrings and the iliotibial band on knee mechanics, although few biomechanical studies have investigated it. This study therefore examined two hypotheses: (a) with loading of the hamstrings, the tibia translates posteriorly and rotates externally and the tibial contact pattern shifts anteriorly;(More)
Seventy-two patellofemoral arthroplasties in 65 patients were followed an average of 4 years (range, 2-12 years). In 69 cases concomitant surgery was performed, including soft tissue realignments, tibial tubercle transfers, and unicompartmental femorotibial reconstructions. Twenty-two patients had already had knee procedures, 18 of which addressed their(More)
Faced with a patient suffering from patellofemoral arthritis, the surgeon must determine the pathophysiology of the condition, because different causes demand different treatments. Possible causes include malalignment, patellofemoral dysplasia, patellofemoral instability, patellofemoral trauma, obesity, osteoarthritis, inflammatory arthritis, and a genetic(More)
Patella malalignment is a recognized cause of knee pain, tilt being one of its more common forms. Although patellar tilt has been described both on the physical examination and on computerized imaging, to date the correlation between the two has not been established. A strong correlation would strengthen the value of each. Moreover, in situations where tilt(More)
Although numerous prominent orthopaedists of the twentieth century considered the patella to be useless, even detrimental, it now is clear that the patella serves an important biomechanical function. It is a complex lever that magnifies the moment arm of the extensor mechanism. The patellofemoral contact area (the fulcrum of the lever) shifts along a(More)
  • R Grelsamer
  • 2002
We examined 39 patients (45 knees) who had undergone an Elmslie-Trillat procedure for recurrent or habitual dislocation of the patella with a follow-up of more than ten years. The mean age at the time of surgery was 18.4 years; the mean follow-up was 161 months (120 to 238). Using Fulkerson's functional knee score, 41 knees (91%) had an excellent or good(More)