Ronald P. Gaston

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We present a system for surgical navigation using stereo overlays in the operating microscope aligned to the operative scene. This augmented reality system provides 3D information about nearby structures and offers a significant advancement over pointer-based guidance, which provides only the location of one point and requires the surgeon to look away from(More)
The problem of providing surgical navigation using image overlays on the operative scene can be split into four main tasks--calibration of the optical system; registration of preoperative images to the patient; system and patient tracking, and display using a suitable visualization scheme. To achieve a convincing result in the magnified microscope view a(More)
We present an augmented reality system that allows surgeons to view features from preoperative radiological images accurately overlaid in stereo in the optical path of a surgical microscope. The purpose of the system is to show the surgeon structures beneath the viewed surface in the correct 3-D position. The technical challenges are registration, tracking,(More)
In recent years, advances in computer technology and a significant increase in the accuracy of medical imaging have made it possible to develop systems that can assist the clinician in diagnosis, planning, and treatment. This paper deals with an area that is generally referred to as computer-assisted surgery, image-directed surgery, or image-guided surgery.(More)
a) b) c) d) The MAGI system (a), overlay on a heart phantom (b), prostate overlays (c) and the MARS system Augmented reality (AR) aims to provide correctly aligned virtual information overlaid on a real-world view. One application is surgical guidance, where the virtual view is a model of anatomy and pathology from preoperative 3D images. The aim is to make(More)
Post-implantation dosimetry is an important element of permanent prostate brachytherapy. This process relies on accurate localization of implanted seeds relative to the surrounding organs. Localization is commonly achieved using CT images, which provide suboptimal prostate delineation. On MR images, conversely, prostate visualization is excellent but seed(More)
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