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A method is described for measuring the regional cerebral-to-large vessel haematocrit ratio using inhalation of carbon-11-labelled carbon monoxide and the intravenous injection of carbon-11-labelled methyl-albumin in combination with positron emission tomography. The mean value in a series of nine subjects was 0.69. This is approximately 20% lower than the(More)
Regional values for cerebral blood flow, blood volume, oxygen extraction fraction, and oxygen utilization were measured, using PET, in 10 brain tumor patients before and after treatment with dexamethasone. Dexamethasone treatment decreased cerebral blood flow and blood volume and increased the fractional extraction of oxygen throughout the brain without(More)
The cerebral pH of four normal human subjects has been measured using continuous inhalation of 11CO2 and positron emission tomography (PET). 11CO2 was administered to each subject at a constant rate for 15 min, during which time serial arterial plasma 11C levels were determined and serial 11C cerebral uptake PET scans were performed at a fixed axial(More)
Regional blood flow, oxygen extraction ratio, and oxygen utilisation were measured in nine patients with breast carcinoma by means of the oxygen-15 steady-state inhalation technique and positron emission tomography. Regional blood volume was measured by means of tracer amounts of carbon-11-labelled carbon monoxide. The regional blood flow was consistently(More)
Chemotherapy has made substantial progress in the therapy of systemic cancer, but the pharmacological efficacy is insufficient in the treatment of brain metastases. Fractionated whole brain radiotherapy (WBRT) has been a standard treatment of brain metastases, but provides limited local tumor control and often unsatisfactory clinical results. Stereotactic(More)
Using positron emission tomography, regional cerebral blood flow and oxygen utilisation were measured in the contralateral cortex of 14 patients with a variety of intracranial tumours. A comparison was made with cortical values derived from 14 normal controls. Compared with normal subjects, patients with brain tumours had a significant reduction in oxygen(More)
A number of different analytical methods were applied to dynamic scans obtained with [18F]2-fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose and positron emission tomography. In particular, methods applying three, four, standard, or no rate constants were compared in four studies on three normal subjects. In addition, regional cerebral blood flow, oxygen utilisation, and blood(More)
Neoplastic tissue in general shows a high rate of glucose consumption under both anaerobic and aerobic conditions. Using positron emission tomography (PET) we measured the rate of uptake of the glucose analogue 18fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose (18FDG) in 12 patients with carcinoma of the lung. The tumor types were six squamous cell, two large cell, two oat cell,(More)
Single cell tumor suspensions were prepared from biopsy and urine samples from 48 patients with muscle invasive transitional cell carcinoma of the bladder. Prior to therapy, samples were irradiated in vitro with the condensation of DNA supercoils measured by the light scattered within a flow cytometer. Six months after completing a course of radiotherapy,(More)
To increase our understanding of cancer and improve cancer treatment on a rational basis we need to identify both qualitative and quantitative differences between normal and neoplastic tissue. The multimodality approach to cancer treatment includes radiotherapy, chemotherapy, hyperthermia, and immunotherapy. Most of the data on which we base our therapeutic(More)