Ronald P. Barrett

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PURPOSE To determine the role of IL-33 in resistance to Pseudomonas aeruginosa keratitis. METHODS Corneal IL-33 mRNA and protein levels were tested in susceptible C57BL/6 (B6) and resistant BALB/c mice. B6 mice were injected with recombinant mouse IL-33 (rmIL-33) and disease severity, bacterial load, polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMN) infiltrate, gene(More)
PURPOSE Mice favoring Th1 (C57BL/6, C57BL/10, and B10.D2/nSn) versus Th2 (BALB/c, BALB/cBy, BALB.B, and BALB.K) response development were evaluated for their response to infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa. This study addresses the question of whether Th1 versus Th2 response propensity affects the pathogenesis of bacterial keratitis in mice. METHODS(More)
The role of macrophages in Pseudomonas aeruginosa corneal infection in susceptible (cornea perforates), C57BL/6 (B6) vs resistant (cornea heals), BALB/c mice was tested by depleting macrophages using subconjunctival injections of clodronate-containing liposomes before corneal infection. Both groups of inbred mice treated with clodronate-liposomes compared(More)
Pseudomonas aeruginosa keratitis destroys the cornea in susceptible Th1 responder C57BL/6 (B6), but not resistant Th2 responder (BALB/c) mice. To determine whether single Ig IL-1R-related molecule (SIGIRR) played a role in resistance, mRNA and protein expression levels were tested. Both were constitutively expressed in the cornea of the two mouse groups. A(More)
PURPOSE To determine the role of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) in Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa) keratitis in resistant (cornea-healing) BALB/c mice. METHODS Corneal TLR4 mRNA levels were tested by real-time PCR in BALB/c mice before and after infection. Clinical score, slit lamp, histopathology, bacterial counts, and polymorphonuclear neutrophil(More)
TLRs recognize microbial pathogens and trigger an immune response, but their regulation by neuropeptides, such as vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP), during Pseudomonas aeruginosa corneal infection remains unexplored. Therefore, C57BL/6 (B6) mice were injected i.p. with VIP, and mRNA, protein, and immunostaining assays were performed. After VIP treatment,(More)
CD4(+) T cells produce IFN-gamma contributing to corneal perforation in C57BL/6 (B6) mice after Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection. To determine the role of NK and NKT cells, infected corneas of B6 mice were dual immunolabeled. Initially, more NKT than NK cells were detected, but as disease progressed, NK cells increased, while NKT cells decreased. Therefore,(More)
The kinetics of IL-1 (alpha and beta) production after Pseudomonas aeruginosa corneal infection was examined in susceptible (cornea perforates) C57BL/6J (B6) and resistant (cornea heals) BALB/cByJ (BALB/c) mice. IL-1alpha and -1beta (mRNA and protein) were elevated in both mouse strains, and levels peaked at 1 day postinfection (p.i. ). Significantly(More)
PURPOSE To determine the effects of blocking substance P (SP) interactions with its major receptor (NK1-R) using the antagonist spantide I in susceptible mice infected with Pseudomonas aeruginosa. METHODS Immunohistochemistry and enzyme immunosorbent assay (EIA) tested levels of SP in the cornea of B6 and BALB/c mice. B6 mice were treated with spantide,(More)
Defensins play an important role in both innate and adaptive immunity due to their antimicrobial, regulatory, and chemotactic effects. Nonetheless, the role of murine beta-defensins (mBD) 3 and 4, the murine homologs of human beta-defensins (hBD) 2 and 3, remains unknown in Pseudomonas aeruginosa keratitis. This study explored their role in corneal(More)