Ronald N Roth

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STUDY OBJECTIVE Literature reports indicate an increasing number of cases of hyponatremia in athletes participating in moderate endurance events such as standard marathons. In this study, we evaluated the incidence of hyponatremia in marathon finishers requiring medical treatment on-site and attempted to assess the contribution of fluid type ingested and(More)
Vasopressin administration has been suggested during cardiopulmonary resuscitation, and a previous clinical trial has suggested that vasopressin is most effective when administered with epinephrine. Adult subjects (n = 325) who received > or =1 dose of intravenous epinephrine during cardiopulmonary resuscitation for nontraumatic, out-of-hospital cardiac(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVE To determine the agreement between rectal temperature and infrared tympanic membrane temperatures in marathon runners presenting to a field hospital at the finish line. METHODS The subjects of this prospective, blinded, controlled study were runners 18 years or older who were triaged to the acute care medical area at the finish line for(More)
OBJECTIVE Out-of-hospital emergency medical services (EMS) need relevant and measurable indicators of quality. Those front-line workers who provide service directly to the customer are integral to the process of defining quality. The authors' objective was to obtain from paramedics, the front-line workers in the EMS system, their perspective on quality of(More)
BACKGROUND The nature of the trauma patient's injuries may compromise the airway and ultimately lead to death or neurological devastation. The same injuries complicate protecting the airway in these patients by preventing manipulation of the cervical spine for direct laryngoscopy. A recent study has shown that misplaced endotracheal tubes occur(More)
BACKGROUND Seizure patients are frequently encountered in the prehospital environment and have the potential to need advanced interventions, though the utility of advanced life support (ALS) interventions in many of these patients has not been proven. OBJECTIVE Our goals were to assess the management of prehospital seizure patients by paramedics in an(More)
OBJECTIVE Chest compressions are interrupted during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) due to human error, for ventilation, for rhythm analysis and for rescue shocks. Earlier data suggest that the recommended 15:2 compression to ventilation (C:V) ratio results in frequent interruptions of compressions during CPR. We evaluated a protocol change from the(More)
BACKGROUND Emergency medical services (EMS) is an important component of emergency medicine residency curricula. For over 20 years, residents at a university-affiliated program have staffed a physician response vehicle and responded to selected calls in an urban EMS system with online faculty backup. OBJECTIVES To describe the prehospital educational(More)
OBJECTIVE Witnessed collapse and bystander CPR are the variables most frequently associated with good outcome from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OOHCA). The reliability of abstracting witnessed collapse and bystander CPR from prehospital Emergency Medical Services (EMS) patient care records (PCRs) is not known. We sought to determine the inter-rater(More)