Ronald Marco Brunner

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Staphylococcus aureus, but not E. coli pathogens frequently cause subclinical, chronic infections of the mammary gland. We examined here, if inadequate activation of the bovine TLR2 and TLR4 pathogen receptors by ligands derived from S. aureus pathogens might contribute to molecular mechanisms underpinning the escape strategies from mammary immune defence(More)
Coordination of the primary defense mechanisms against pathogens relies on the appropriate expression of pathogen recognition receptors (PRRs) triggering the early release of effector molecules of the innate immune system. To analyze the impact of this system on the counteraction of infections of the mammary gland (mastitis), we characterized the bovine(More)
A 3204-bp full-length cDNA of bovine NALP9 was cloned and its genomic organization was analyzed. The 2988-bp open reading frame covers 9 exons and encodes a deduced protein of 996 amino acids containing Pyrin, Nacht and leucine-rich repeat domains like the human NALP gene family members. Mapping with the WGRH5000 panel and fluorescence in situ hybridization(More)
The recently constructed river buffalo whole-genome radiation hybrid panel (BBURH5000) has already been used to generate preliminary radiation hybrid (RH) maps for several chromosomes, and buffalo-bovine comparative chromosome maps have been constructed. Here, we present the first-generation whole genome RH map (WG-RH) of the river buffalo generated from(More)
Inulin stimulates intestinal bifidobacteria in humans and rodents but its effect in pigs is inconsistent. We assessed the effect of inulin on the intestinal microbiota by fluorescent in situ hybridization in growing pigs (age 9-12 wk). Pigs (n = 64) were assigned to 2 types of basal diets [wheat and barley (WB) or corn and wheat gluten (CG)] with or without(More)
In cattle, the CYP19 locus comprises the aromatase cytochrome P450-encoding gene (CYP19) and a homologous pseudogene (CYP19P1). It has been assigned to chromosome region 10q26. Cloning of genomic DNA revealed that the CYP19 gene covers more than 56 kb. Its precise extent is still unknown because the DNA spanning the untranslated first exon 1.1 and the(More)
Five overlapping lambda EMBL-clones, containing the complete bovine lactoferrin gene (LTF), have been used to map this gene by fluorescence in situ hybridization to bovine Chromosome (Chr) band 22q24. Primers derived from promoter and exon I sequences were applied in polymerase chain reactions (PCRs) to DNA samples of a previously characterized panel of(More)
A rapid procedure for the defined isolation and characterization of single bovine chromosome fragment specific probes is described. This has been developed as a technical prerequisite for the directed generation of bovine DNA sequences. The specific regions lql3–24, 5q21–24, 6q31–32, 7q21–22, 12q24-ter, and 20ql2-ter of bovine GTG-banded metaphase(More)
A radiation hybrid (RH) map of sheep X chromosome (Ovisaries; OARX) containing 146 physically anchored loci was generated in this study, providing information for comparative X chromosome analysis between the maps of sheep, human, and cattle. Primers typed on the USUoRH5000 ovine whole-genome radiation hybrid panel were designed from sequences predicted to(More)
The STAT transcription factors form a family of signal transducers and activators of transcription. We sequenced the bovine STAT5B cDNA and both STAT5-encoding genes, STAT5A and STAT5B, representing the first complete description of any STAT5-encoding gene. DNA fiber FISH hybridization revealed that the genes reside only 40 kbp apart on BTA19. Both genes(More)