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The interaction of the direct dye Congo red with intact beta-D-glucans provides the basis for a rapid and sensitive assay system for bacterial strains possessing beta-(1 leads to 4),(1 leads to 3)-D-glucanohydrolase, beta-(1 leads to 4)-D-glucanohydrolase, and beta-(1 leads to 3)-D-glucanohydrolase activities. A close correspondence was observed between(More)
Forty-nine isolates of Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens and a single isolate of Butyrivibrio crossotus were screened for the production of inhibitors by a deferred plating procedure. Twenty-five isolates produced factors which, to various degrees, inhibited the growth of the other Butyrivibrio isolates. None of the inhibitory activity was due to bacteriophages.(More)
BACKGROUND Interest in methanogens from ruminants has resulted from the role of methane in global warming and from the fact that cattle typically lose 6 % of ingested energy as methane. Several species of methanogens have been isolated from ruminants. However they are difficult to culture, few have been consistently found in high numbers, and it is likely(More)
The species composition, distribution, and biodiversity of the bacterial communities in the rumen of cows fed alfalfa or triticale were investigated using 16S rRNA gene clone library analyses. The rumen bacterial community was fractionated and analyzed as three separate fractions: populations in the planktonic, loosely attached to rumen digesta particles,(More)
Streptococci obtained from rumen sources were tested for the production of antibacterial compounds using a deferred-antagonism plating assay. Of 35 isolates tested, 7 were identified that inhibited the growth of other streptococci. None of the inhibitory activity was due to bacteriophage. Three isolates, LRC0253, LRC0255, and LRC0476, were selected for(More)
The production of toxic compounds or antibiotics is a common component of intermicrobial competitive interactions, and many of these toxins have been adopted and adapted for the control of microbial populations. One class of these toxins, the bacteriocins, is a heterogeneous group of proteinaceous antibiotics that often display a high degree of target(More)
The gene (bviA) encoding the ruminal bacteriocin butyrivibriocin AR10 was cloned from an EcoRI library by using an oligonucleotide probe based on a partial peptide sequence of the previously isolated peptide. The gene encoded an 80 amino acid prebacteriocin that demonstrated significant identity with the cyclic bacteriocin gassericin A. Negative ion time of(More)
Complete 16S rDNA sequences of six strains of Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens, including the type strain (ATCC 19171), were determined. The type strain was found to have less than 89% sequence similarity to the other isolates that were examined. The five plasmid-bearing strains formed a closely related cluster and three of these strains (OB156, OB157 and OB192)(More)
Comparative DNA sequence analysis of 16S rRNA genes (rDNA) was undertaken to further our understanding of the make-up of bacterial communities in the rumen fluid of dairy cattle. Total DNA was extracted from the rumen fluid of 10 cattle fed haylage/corn silage/concentrate rations at two different times. Rumen samples were collected on two separate occasions(More)
A competitive polymerase chain reaction assay targeting the 16S rDNA was developed for quantitating the rumen bacterium Butyrivibrio fibrisolvens OB156. A competitor DNA, serving as an internal control in the competitive polymerase chain reaction reaction, was constructed by polymerase chain reaction using a looped oligo longer than the normal primer.(More)