Ronald M Payne

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Disorders of mitochondrial function cause significant human disease and suffering. To date, correction of these mitochondria defects has depended on biochemical approaches and has not been achieved via gene therapies. Using previously described fusion proteins containing the transactivator of transcription (TAT) region from the HIV virus and green(More)
Alterations in mitochondrial protein acetylation are implicated in the pathophysiology of diabetes, the metabolic syndrome, mitochondrial disorders, and cancer. However, a viable mechanism responsible for the widespread acetylation in mitochondria remains unknown. Here, we demonstrate that the physiologic pH and acyl-CoA concentrations of the mitochondrial(More)
BACKGROUND Chemokines direct leukocytes to areas of inflammation or injury. In general, CC chemokines (MCP-1, MIP-1alpha, RANTES) are chemoattractants for mononuclear cells and CXC (CINC-1, MIP-2alpha) for polymorphonuclear cells (PMNs). Herein we describe an open chest model of pulmonary contusion (PC) in a rodent (rat) and have identified a possible role(More)
In recent years, protein lysine acetylation has emerged as a prominent and conserved regulatory posttranslational modification that is abundant on numerous enzymes involved in the processes of intermediary metabolism. Well-characterized mitochondrial processes of carbon utilization are enriched in acetyl-lysine modifications. Although seminal discoveries(More)
Mitochondrial creatine kinases form octameric structures composed of four active and stable dimers. Octamer formation has been postulated to occur via interaction of the charged amino acids in the N-terminal peptide of the mature enzyme. We altered codons for charged amino acids in the N-terminal region of mature sarcomeric mitochondrial creatine kinase(More)
Mutations in nuclear and mitochondrial genomes can lead to defects in mitochondrial function. To date, repair of these defects with exogenous proteins or gene transfer has been difficult with either viral or nonviral vectors. We hypothesized that TAT fusion proteins would cross both mitochondrial membranes and that incorporation of a mitochondrial signal(More)
BACKGROUND Doxorubicin is used to treat childhood and adult cancer. Doxorubicin treatment is associated with both acute and chronic cardiotoxicity. The cardiotoxic effects of doxorubicin are cumulative, which limits its chemotherapeutic dose. Free radical generation and p53-dependent apoptosis are thought to contribute to doxorubicin-induced cardiotoxicity.(More)
Creatine kinase (CK) activity was found decreased in the brains of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD) and Pick's disease (PD). However, the decrease of total CK activity in AD was more pronounced than in PD. Analysis of the activity of two CK isoforms, BCK and ubiquitous mitochondrial CK, demonstrated that the decrease of total CK activity in AD and PD(More)
The presence of the biomarkers of oxidative damage, protein carbonyl formation and the inactivation of oxidatively sensitive brain creatine kinase (CK BB, cytosolic isoform), were studied in frontal lobe autopsy specimens obtained from patients with different age-related neurodegenerative diseases: Alzheimer's disease (AD), Pick's disease (PkD), diffuse(More)
We report the cDNA sequences of rat colipase, rat pancreatic lipase (rPL), and a rat pancreatic lipase-related protein (rPLRP). Comparison to the human PLRP cDNA suggests that the isolated clone encodes rPLRP-2. Both cDNA and a third cDNA encoding rPLRP-1 are secreted from Sf9 cells infected with recombinant baculovirus. rPL and rPLRP-2 hydrolyze triolein,(More)