Ronald M. Iorio

Learn More
Measles virus (MeV), a member of the paramyxovirus family of enveloped RNA viruses and one of the most infectious viral pathogens identified, accounts for major pediatric morbidity and mortality worldwide although coordinated efforts to achieve global measles control are in place. Target cell entry is mediated by two viral envelope glycoproteins, the(More)
The terminal globular domain of the paramyxovirus hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) glycoprotein spike has a number of conserved residues that are predicted to form its neuraminidase (NA) active site, by analogy to the influenza virus neuraminidase protein. We have performed a site-directed mutational analysis of the role of these residues in the functional(More)
The tetrameric paramyxovirus hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) protein mediates attachment to sialic acid-containing receptors as well as cleavage of the same moiety via its neuraminidase (NA) activity. The X-ray crystallographic structure of an HN dimer from Newcastle disease virus (NDV) suggests that a single site in two different conformations mediates(More)
The promotion of membrane fusion by Newcastle disease virus (NDV) requires an interaction between the viral hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) and fusion (F) proteins, although the mechanism by which this interaction regulates fusion is not clear. The NDV HN protein exists as a tetramer composed of a pair of dimers. Based on X-ray crystallographic studies of(More)
Newcastle disease virus (NDV)-induced membrane fusion requires formation of a complex between the hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) and fusion (F) proteins. Substitutions for NDV HN stalk residues A89, L90, and L94 block fusion by modulating formation of the HN-F complex. Here, we demonstrate that a nearby L97A substitution, though previously shown to block(More)
Membrane fusion is essential for entry of the biomedically-important paramyxoviruses into their host cells (viral-cell fusion), and for syncytia formation (cell-cell fusion), often induced by paramyxoviral infections [e.g. those of the deadly Nipah virus (NiV)]. For most paramyxoviruses, membrane fusion requires two viral glycoproteins. Upon receptor(More)
The promotion of membrane fusion by most paramyxoviruses requires an interaction between the viral attachment and fusion (F) proteins to enable receptor binding by the former to trigger the activation of the latter for fusion. Numerous studies demonstrate that the F-interactive sites on the Newcastle disease virus (NDV) hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) and(More)
The production and functional testing of two new bispecific (bs) hybrid antibodies [Abs; bs Ab hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) x CD3 and bs Ab HN x CD28] designed for cancer vaccine modification are described. They allow distinct modifications of the human tumor cell vaccine ATV-NDV, an autologous tumor cell vaccine already modified by infection with(More)
  • 1