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The majority of neutralizing monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) to the haemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) glycoprotein of Newcastle disease virus prevent attachment of the virus to cellular receptors and inhibits virion-induced fusion from without (FFWO) and fusion from within (FFWI) mediated by the virus glycoprotein-laden infected cell surface. For these(More)
Monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) to the hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) glycoprotein of Newcastle disease virus delineate seven overlapping antigenic sites which form a continuum on the surface of the molecule. Antibodies to five of these sites neutralize viral infectivity principally by preventing attachment of the virion to cellular receptors. Through the(More)
The ectodomain of the paramyxovirus haemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) glycoprotein spike can be divided into two regions: a membrane-proximal, stalk-like structure and a terminal globular domain. The latter contains all the antibody recognition sites of the protein, as well as its receptor recognition and neuraminidase (NA) active sites. These two(More)
The terminal globular domain of the paramyxovirus hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) glycoprotein spike has a number of conserved residues that are predicted to form its neuraminidase (NA) active site, by analogy to the influenza virus neuraminidase protein. We have performed a site-directed mutational analysis of the role of these residues in the functional(More)
Previously, a panel of monoclonal antibodies recognizing epitopes in four antigenic sites on the haemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) glycoprotein of the Australia-Victoria strain of Newcastle disease virus were used in strain comparisons. Epitopes in three sites were found to be conserved while the epitope recognized by the single antibody to site 3 was not.(More)
It has been shown that the L289A-mutated Newcastle disease virus (NDV) fusion (F) protein gains the ability to promote fusion of Cos-7 cells independent of the viral hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) protein and exhibits a 50% enhancement in HN-dependent fusion over wild-type (wt) F protein. Here, we show that HN-independent fusion by L289A-F is not(More)
Newcastle disease virus exhibits a wide range of pathogenicity and virulence which, as with all paramyxoviruses, is directly related to the cleavability of a precursor (F0) of the fusion glycoprotein by cellular proteases. Sequence analyses of the cleavage site of several virulent and avirulent isolates of the Newcastle disease virus serotype reveal a(More)
The sequence NRKSCS constitutes the longest linear stretch in the amino acid sequence of the hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) glycoprotein of the paramyxoviruses that is completely conserved among all viruses in the group. We have used site-directed mutagenesis and expression of the mutated HN protein of one member of the group, Newcastle disease virus, to(More)
A panel of nine monoclonal antibodies has been used to construct a functional inhibition profile of four antibody-binding sites previously delineated on the HN glycoprotein of Newcastle disease virus. Antibodies to all four sites are capable of neutralizing infectivity and inhibiting hemolysis and neuraminidase activity with fetuin. There is a good(More)
We have previously identified five antigenic sites on the hemagglutinin-neuraminidase (HN) glycoprotein of the Australia-Victoria isolate of Newcastle disease virus (Iorio and Bratt, J. Virol. 48, 440-450; Iorio et al., J. Gen. Virol. 67, 1393-1403). Two additional sites (designated 12 and 23) are now described, bringing to a total of seven the number of(More)