Ronald M. Grant

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BACKGROUND In many patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection, therapy with potent antiretroviral drugs does not result in complete suppression of HIV replication. The effect of cessation of therapy in these patients is unknown. METHODS Sixteen patients who had a plasma HIV RNA level of more than 2500 copies per milliliter during(More)
Vertebral compression is a serious complication of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). The prevalence and pattern of vertebral fractures, as well as their relationship to BMD and other clinical indices, have not been systematically studied. We evaluated spine health in 186 newly diagnosed children (median age, 5.3 yr; 108 boys) with ALL (precursor(More)
The San Francisco Men's Health Study is a prospective study of the epidemiology and natural history of the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome in a cohort of 1034 single men, 25 to 54 years of age, recruited by multistage probability sampling. At entry, June 1984 through January 1985, the seropositivity rate for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection(More)
BACKGROUND Sexually transmitted infections (STI) and unprotected anal intercourse (UAI) have been increasing among men who have sex with men (MSM) in San Francisco. However, HIV incidence has stabilised. OBJECTIVES To describe recent trends in sexual risk behaviour, STI, and HIV incidence among MSM in San Francisco and to assess whether increases in HIV(More)
Sooty mangabeys naturally infected with simian immunodeficiency virus (SIV) do not develop immunodeficiency despite the presence of viral loads of 10(5) to 10(7) RNA copies/ml. To investigate the basis of apathogenic SIV infection in sooty mangabeys, three sooty mangabeys and three rhesus macaques were inoculated intravenously with SIVmac239 and evaluated(More)
We describe the clinical features, outcome, pathology, cytogenetics, and molecular aspects of 13 pediatric papillary renal cell carcinomas during a 19-year period. Seven cases (54%) had translocations involving Xp11.2 (TFE3). They were identified by cytogenetic, molecular, and/or immunohistochemical analyses. All Xp11.2+ translocations were TFE3+ by(More)
OBJECTIVES To compare the kinetics and magnitude of HIV-1 RNA responses to antiretroviral therapy (ART) in the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and plasma. DESIGN Repeated lumbar punctures (LPs) were performed after the initiation or change in ART in 15 HIV-1-infected subjects, with the focus on two phases of response: an acute phase within the first 11 days,(More)
OBJECTIVE Structured antiretroviral treatment interruption (STI) has been advocated as a therapeutic strategy for HIV-1 infection. We report initial observations of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) HIV-1 infection in five patients undergoing serial lumbar punctures (LPs) during STI undertaken following virological failure. DESIGN AND METHODS In this prospective(More)
PURPOSE Vertebral fractures due to osteoporosis are a potential complication of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL). To date, the incidence of vertebral fractures during ALL treatment has not been reported. PATIENT AND METHODS We prospectively evaluated 155 children with ALL during the first 12 months of leukemia therapy. Lateral thoracolumbar(More)