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The Mhc is a highly conserved gene region especially interesting to geneticists because of the rapid evolution of gene families found within it. High levels of Mhc genetic diversity often exist within populations. The chicken Mhc is the focus of considerable interest because of the strong, reproducible infectious disease associations found with particular(More)
Here we present a high-resolution cytogenomic analysis of chicken microchromosome 16. We established the location of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-B and -Y subregions relative to each other and to the nucleolus organizer region (NOR) encoding the 18S-5.8S-28S ribosomal DNA. To do so, we employed multicolor fluorescence in situ hybridization(More)
  • Takashi Shiina, W Elwood Briles, +5 authors Marcia M Miller
  • 2007
MHC haplotypes have a remarkable influence on whether tumors form following infection of chickens with oncogenic Marek's disease herpesvirus. Although resistance to tumor formation has been mapped to a subregion of the chicken MHC-B region, the gene or genes responsible have not been identified. A full gene map of the subregion has been lacking. We have(More)
MHC genes in the chicken are arranged into two genetically independent clusters located on the same chromosome. These are the classical B: system and restriction fragment pattern-Y (Rfp-Y), a second cluster of MHC genes identified recently through DNA hybridization. Because small numbers of MHC class I and class II genes are present in both B: and Rfp-Y,(More)
We have developed a DNA-based method for defining MHC B system genotypes in chickens. Genotyping by this method requires neither prior determination of allele-specific differences in nucleotide sequence nor the preparation of haplotype-specific alloantisera. Allelic differences at chicken B-F (class I) and B-L (class II) loci are detected in PCR(More)
The chicken major histocompatibility complex ( MHC) genes are organized into two genetically independent clusters which both possess class I and class IIbeta genes: the classical B complex and the Restriction fragment pattern- Y ( Rfp-Y) complex. In this study, we have examined the role of Rfp-Y genes in transplantation immunity. For this we used three(More)
A monoclonal antibody directed against the erythrocytic B-G antigens of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC) of the chicken, an antiserum raised against purified erythrocytic B-G protein, and a cDNA probe from the B-G subregion were used to look for evidence of the expression of B-G genes in tissues other than blood. Evidence has been found in(More)
YF1*7.1 is an allele of a polymorphic major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I-like locus within the chicken Y gene complex. With the aim of understanding the possible role of the YF1*7.1 molecule in antigen presentation, the complex of YF1*7.1 heavy chain and beta(2)-microglobulin was reconstituted and purified without a peptide. Crystals diffracted(More)
The serum collectin mannose-binding lectin (MBL) plays a major role in innate immunity by activation of the lectin complement pathway or by acting as an opsonin. The serum levels of human and animal MBL are associated with susceptibility to a wide range of infections, and the variation of MBL in serum is genetically determined. In the chicken, 14 single(More)