Learn More
The Mhc is a highly conserved gene region especially interesting to geneticists because of the rapid evolution of gene families found within it. High levels of Mhc genetic diversity often exist within populations. The chicken Mhc is the focus of considerable interest because of the strong, reproducible infectious disease associations found with particular(More)
Rfp-Y is a second region in the genome of the chicken containing major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I and II genes. Haplotypes of Rfp-Y assort independently from haplotypes of the B system, a region known to function as a MHC and to be located on chromosome 16 (a microchromosome) with the single nucleolar organizer region (NOR) in the chicken(More)
Many of the genes that comprise the vertebrate adaptive immune system are conserved across wide evolutionary time scales. Most notably, homologs of the mammalian MHC gene family have been found in virtually all jawed vertebrates, including sharks, bony fishes, reptiles, and birds. The CD1 family of antigen-presenting molecules are related to the MHC class I(More)
Here we present a high-resolution cytogenomic analysis of chicken microchromosome 16. We established the location of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-B and -Y subregions relative to each other and to the nucleolus organizer region (NOR) encoding the 18S-5.8S-28S ribosomal DNA. To do so, we employed multicolor fluorescence in situ hybridization(More)
Analyses of the major histocompatibility complex (Mhc) in chickens have shown inconsistencies between serologically defined haplotypes and haplotypes defined by the restriction fragment patterns of Mhc class I and class II genes in Southern hybridizations. Often more than one pattern of restriction fragments for Mhc class I and/or class II genes has been(More)
MHC haplotypes have a remarkable influence on whether tumors form following infection of chickens with oncogenic Marek's disease herpesvirus. Although resistance to tumor formation has been mapped to a subregion of the chicken MHC-B region, the gene or genes responsible have not been identified. A full gene map of the subregion has been lacking. We have(More)
MHC genes in the chicken are arranged into two genetically independent clusters located on the same chromosome. These are the classical B: system and restriction fragment pattern-Y (Rfp-Y), a second cluster of MHC genes identified recently through DNA hybridization. Because small numbers of MHC class I and class II genes are present in both B: and Rfp-Y,(More)
Gene sequences highly similar to major histocompatibility complex (Mhc) class I and class II genes were recently recognized as mapping to a site in the genome of the chicken separate from the Mhc class I, class II, and B-G genes of the major histocompatibility (B) complex. The present study was undertaken to see whether this complex of Mhc-like genes(More)
Trisomy mapping is a powerful method for assigning genes to chicken microchromosome 16 (GGA 16). The single chicken nucleolar organizer region (NOR), the 2 major histocompatibility complex regions (MHC-Y and MHC-B), and CD1 genes were all previously assigned to GGA 16 using trisomy mapping. Here, we combined array comparative genomic hybridization with(More)
Analysis of the B-G antigens of eight chicken major histocompatibility complex (B) system recombinant haplotypes by high resolution two-dimensional gel electrophoresis has provided evidence for the transfer of the complete B-G subregion in seven cases. In the eighth, a partial duplication within the B-G subregion appears to have occurred. In this(More)