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Analyses of the major histocompatibility complex (Mhc) in chickens have shown inconsistencies between serologically defined haplotypes and haplotypes defined by the restriction fragment patterns of Mhc class I and class II genes in Southern hybridizations. Often more than one pattern of restriction fragments for Mhc class I and/or class II genes has been(More)
The Mhc is a highly conserved gene region especially interesting to geneticists because of the rapid evolution of gene families found within it. High levels of Mhc genetic diversity often exist within populations. The chicken Mhc is the focus of considerable interest because of the strong, reproducible infectious disease associations found with particular(More)
Rfp-Y is a second region in the genome of the chicken containing major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I and II genes. Haplotypes of Rfp-Y assort independently from haplotypes of the B system, a region known to function as a MHC and to be located on chromosome 16 (a microchromosome) with the single nucleolar organizer region (NOR) in the chicken(More)
Many of the genes that comprise the vertebrate adaptive immune system are conserved across wide evolutionary time scales. Most notably, homologs of the mammalian MHC gene family have been found in virtually all jawed vertebrates, including sharks, bony fishes, reptiles, and birds. The CD1 family of antigen-presenting molecules are related to the MHC class I(More)
Here we present a high-resolution cytogenomic analysis of chicken microchromosome 16. We established the location of the major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-B and -Y subregions relative to each other and to the nucleolus organizer region (NOR) encoding the 18S-5.8S-28S ribosomal DNA. To do so, we employed multicolor fluorescence in situ hybridization(More)
MHC genes in the chicken are arranged into two genetically independent clusters located on the same chromosome. These are the classical B: system and restriction fragment pattern-Y (Rfp-Y), a second cluster of MHC genes identified recently through DNA hybridization. Because small numbers of MHC class I and class II genes are present in both B: and Rfp-Y,(More)
Gene sequences highly similar to major histocompatibility complex (Mhc) class I and class II genes were recently recognized as mapping to a site in the genome of the chicken separate from the Mhc class I, class II, and B-G genes of the major histocompatibility (B) complex. The present study was undertaken to see whether this complex of Mhc-like genes(More)
MHC haplotypes have a remarkable influence on whether tumors form following infection of chickens with oncogenic Marek's disease herpesvirus. Although resistance to tumor formation has been mapped to a subregion of the chicken MHC-B region, the gene or genes responsible have not been identified. A full gene map of the subregion has been lacking. We have(More)
Transcriptionally active, MHC class I (MHCI) loci are located in two separate polymorphic genomic regions in the chicken called B and Y. The YMHCI gene sequences encode molecules with uncommon substitutions in the antigen-binding region indicating that YMHCI molecules are likely unique and may bind a specialized form of antigen distinct from that of other(More)
In the chicken, resistance to lymphomas that form following infection with oncogenic strains of Marek's herpesvirus is strongly linked to the major histocompatibility complex (MHC)-B complex. MHC-B21 haplotype is associated with lower tumor-related mortality compared to other haplotypes including MHC-B13. The single, dominantly expressed class I gene (BF2)(More)