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Written informed consent was obtained prior to all human studies after the institutional review board approved the protocol. A continuous arterial spin-labeling technique with an amplitude-modulated control was implemented by using a single coil at 3.0 T. Adiabatic inversion efficiency at 3.0 T, comparable to that at 1.5 T, was achieved by reducing the(More)
The objective of this study is to investigate the use of pattern classification methods for distinguishing different types of brain tumors, such as primary gliomas from metastases, and also for grading of gliomas. The availability of an automated computer analysis tool that is more objective than human readers can potentially lead to more reliable and(More)
The purpose of this study is to determine whether diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) metrics including tensor shape measures such as linear and planar anisotropy coefficients (CL and CP) can help differentiate glioblastomas from solitary brain metastases. Sixty-three patients with histopathologic diagnosis of glioblastomas (22 men, 16 women, mean age 58.4(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Glioblastomas, brain metastases, and PCLs may have similar enhancement patterns on MR imaging, making the differential diagnosis difficult or even impossible. The purpose of this study was to determine whether a combination of DTI and DSC can assist in the differentiation of glioblastomas, solitary brain metastases, and PCLs. (More)
BACKGROUND Anoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (AIE) affects the gray matter more than the white matter. Recent animal experiments suggest that the white matter is more sensitive to ischemia than previously thought. The authors describe the MRI findings in seven patients with AIE who demonstrate early preferential involvement of the white matter. MATERIALS AND(More)
The authors evaluated a flow-independent magnetic resonance (MR) imaging technique in extremity veins with slow flow that relies on the prolonged T2 of blood to create angiographic contrast. A commercially available heavily T2-weighted fast-spin-echo sequence was optimized for MR venography in volunteer and phantom studies. Good depiction of venous anatomy(More)
PURPOSE To present an unenhanced four-dimensional time-resolved dynamic magnetic resonance (MR) angiography technique with true fast imaging with steady-state precession-based spin tagging with alternating radiofrequency (STAR), also called TrueSTAR. MATERIALS AND METHODS This study received Institutional Review Board approval and was HIPAA compliant.(More)
OBJECTIVE The purposes of this study were to (1) validate the accuracy of cine phase-contrast MR flow measurements within the portal vein, (2) develop a suitable protocol for using this method to measure volumetric flow rate in the portal venous system, and (3) use this protocol, with Doppler sonography as a reference, to measure portal venous flow in(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to compare cine phase-contrast MR imaging with renal clearance of p-aminohippurate for measuring normal renal blood flow. A reliable technique for evaluation of renal hemodynamics would be useful for studying renal vascular diseases and the effects of treatment. Measurements of renal blood flow based on renal(More)
OBJECT Treatment of patients with oligodendrogliomas relies on histopathological grade and characteristic cytogenetic deletions of 1p and 19q, shown to predict radio- and chemosensitivity and prolonged survival. Perfusion weighted magnetic resonance (MR) imaging allows for noninvasive determination of relative tumor blood volume (rTBV) and has been used to(More)