Ronald L Willson

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The reactions between Trolox C, a water-soluble vitamin E analogue, and several oxidizing free radicals including the hydroxyl radical and various peroxy radicals were examined by using the pulse-radiolysis technique. The results demonstrate that Trolox C may undergo rapid one-electron-transfer reactions as well as hydrogen-transfer processes; the resulting(More)
The principal mechanism of H2O2 toxicity is thought to involve the generation of hydroxyl (HO.) radicals through its interactions with Fe2+ ions by the Fenton reaction. Of particular interest has been the demonstration by Ward, Blakely & Joner [(1985) Radiat. Res. 103, 383-392] that the cytotoxicity of H2O2 is diminished at low temperature. We have now(More)
Absolute rate constants for the reaction of NADH with thiyl free radicals derived from various sulphur-containing compounds of biological significance were measured by using the technique of pulse radiolysis. These and related reactions with phenoxyl free radicals are believed to occur through one-electron-transfer processes. Further evidence comes from(More)
Absolute rate constants for the reaction of ferrocytochrome c with the thiyl radicals derived from cysteine, GSH, penicillamine and N-(2-mercaptopropionyl)glycine were measured by using the technique of pulse radiolysis. The reaction is believed to occur through a one-electron-transfer process, in agreement with the hypothesis that thiols may act as(More)
The cytocidal properties of metronidazole against hypoxic mammalian cells are described. This chemotherapeutic action has been shown to be dependent on drug concentration and duration of exposure. The x-ray TCD50 for a murine anaplastic carcinoma was reduced from 6081 rad to 4643 rad when animals were given metronidazole orally for 36 h before radiation(More)