Ronald L. Somerville

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Leptospirosis is a widely spread disease of global concern. Infection causes flu-like episodes with frequent severe renal and hepatic damage, such as haemorrhage and jaundice. In more severe cases, massive pulmonary haemorrhages, including fatal sudden haemoptysis, can occur. Here we report the complete genomic sequence of a representative virulent serovar(More)
  • W Yang, L Ni, R L Somerville
  • Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences…
  • 1993
Highly purified preparations of trp repressor (TrpR) protein derived from Escherichia coli strains that were engineered to overexpress this material were found to contain another protein, of 21 kDa. The second protein, designated WrbA [for tryptophan (W) repressor-binding protein] remained associated with its namesake through several sequential protein(More)
The complete primary structures of Escherichia coli L-threonine dehydrogenase has been deduced by sequencing the cloned tdh gene. The primary structure so determined agrees with results obtained independently for the amino acid composition, the N-terminal amino acid sequence (20 residues), and a short sequence at the end of an internal peptide of the(More)
A series of mutations has been isolated that confer upon amino-acid auxotrophs of Escherichia coli K-12 the ability to grow when fed various D-amino acids. Several distinct systems, mediating cellular use of the D-isomers of leucine, histidine, phenylalanine, tyrosine, tryptophan, isoleucine, and valine, can be mutationally activated. Mutations leading to(More)
Computer analysis identified a potential Trp repressor operator 56 nucleotides downstream of the transcriptional start point of aroL, the gene that encodes shikimate kinase II. Tryptophan-dependent interaction of Trp repressor with this operator was demonstrated in vitro by means of a restriction endonuclease protection assay. Regulation of expression from(More)
There exists in Escherichia coli a known set of enzymes that were shown to function in an efficient and concerted way to convert threonine to serine. The sequence of reactions catalyzed by these enzymes is designated the Tut cycle (threonine utilization). To demonstrate that the relevant genes and their protein products play essential roles in serine(More)
The tpl gene of Citrobacter freundii encodes an enzyme that catalyzes the conversion of L-tyrosine to phenol, pyruvate, and ammonia. This gene is known to be positively regulated by TyrR. The amplitude of regulation attributable to this transcription factor is at least 20-fold. Three TyrR binding sites, designated boxes A, B, and C, centered at coordinates(More)
In Escherichia coli, the structural gene for purine nucleoside phosphorylase, deoD, is subject to insertional inactivation by prophage λ. From one such secondary site λ lysogen, strain SP265, one may isolate deletions that remove all or part of the trpR gene and other genes in the deo-thr sector of the E. coli chromosome. Specialized transducing phages(More)
The interaction of Trp repressor protein with partial trp operators was studied in vitro and in vivo. At high ratios of protein to DNA, Trp holorepressor formed stable complexes with DNA molecules containing half operators. When plasmids conferring the capacity to hyperproduce Trp repressor were present in trpOc strains of Escherichia coli, repression of(More)