Ronald L Menlove

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We used radioligand binding techniques and measurement of beta-agonist-mediated positive inotropic responses in isolated cardiac tissue to examine beta-adrenergic-receptor subpopulations in nonfailing and failing human left and right ventricular myocardium. In tissue derived from 48 human hearts the receptor subtypes identified in nonfailing ventricle by(More)
BACKGROUND Randomized, controlled trials have shown that prophylactic antibiotics are effective in preventing surgical-wound infections. However, it is uncertain how the timing of antibiotic administration affects the risk of surgical-wound infection in actual clinical practice. METHODS We prospectively monitored the timing of antibiotic prophylaxis and(More)
OKT3 monoclonal antibody is a murine monoclonal antibody specific for the T lymphocyte T3 cell surface receptor that mediates antigen recognition. The use of OKT3 monoclonal antibody for the treatment of cardiac allograft rejection refractory to conventional therapy with high-dose steroids and antithymocyte globulin is described. Seven patients received 5(More)
The accessibility and success of cardiac transplantation promotes transplantation for a broad range of recipients, including those requiring intravenous inotropes or mechanical-assist devices. To determine if survival is dependent on preoperative requirements for hemodynamic support, we studied 230 patients who underwent transplant at the Loyola, Stanford,(More)
Adverse events during drug therapy are receiving renewed attention. Some adverse drug events (ADEs) are identified only after the widespread clinical use of a drug. The Food and Drug Administration advocates post-marketing surveillance systems to provide early warnings of previously undetected ADEs. The identification of ADEs by U.S. hospitals is now(More)
An interferon-gamma, tumor necrosis factor, and interleukin-1-inducible, high-output pathway synthesizing nitric oxide (NO) from L-arginine was recently identified in rodents. High-dose interleukin-2 (IL-2) therapy is known to induce the same cytokines in patients with advanced cancer. Therefore, we examined renal cell carcinoma (RCC; n = 5) and malignant(More)
BACKGROUND Coronary patency has been used as a measure of thrombolysis success after acute myocardial infarction. The Thrombolysis in Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) Study Group perfusion grades have gained wide acceptance, with grades 0 (no distal flow) and 1 perfusion (minimal flow) being designated as thrombolysis failures and grades 2 (partial perfusion)(More)
We prospectively studied 551 sequential endomyocardial biopsies from 36 consecutive cardiac allografts. With the use of a combination of light microscopy (including careful evaluation of vascular changes) and immunofluorescence to detect the deposition of immunoglobulin and complement, we identified three patterns of allograft rejection, designated as(More)
We previously reported antigen frequency differences for HLA-DR4 and HLA-DRw6 between idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC) patients and healthy controls in a pilot study. To confirm these findings, we undertook an independent study with a prospective hypothesis regarding the frequencies of DR4 and DRw6; typing for a second family of class II antigens(More)
The efficacy of using the Kinetic Treatment Table (KTT) to prevent or reduce pulmonary complications in severely head-injured patients is unclear. This study is a prospective, randomized trial using the KTT vs. conventional bed care in severely head-injured patients. Outcome measures were hospital length of stay (LOS), mortality, CNS morbidity at hospital(More)