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Nisin is a cationic polycyclic bacteriocin secreted by some lactic acid bacteria. Nisin has previously been shown to permeabilize liposomes. The interaction of nisin was analyzed with liposomes prepared of the zwitterionic phosphatidylcholine (PC) and the anionic phosphatidylglycerol (PG). Nisin induces the release of 6-carboxyfluorescein and other small(More)
Nisin is a posttranslationally modified protein of 34 amino acids, and is a member of the class of bacteriocidal polypeptides known as lantibiotics, that contain the unusual amino acid lanthionine. Its structure in aqueous solution has been determined on the basis of NMR data, i.e. interproton distance constraints derived from nuclear Overhauser enhancement(More)
The lantibiotic, nisin, which is known to interact with membranes of certain Gram-positive bacteria, was studied in three model systems which mimic a membrane-like environment, i.e. a mixture of trifluoroethanol and water, or micelles of sodium dodecyl sulfate or dodecylphosphocholine. The 1H NMR spectra of nisin in the non-aqueous environments, at 40(More)
The unusual base composition of the genome of the human malaria parasite Plasmodium falciparum prompted us to systematically investigate the occurrence of homopolymeric DNA tracts in the P. falciparum genome and, for comparison, in the genomes of Homo sapiens , Saccharomyces cerevisiae , Caenorhabditis elegans , Arabidopsis thaliana , Escherichia coli and(More)
Transmission of malaria depends on the successful development of the sexual stages of the parasite within the midgut of the mosquito vector. The differentiation process leading to the production of the sexual stages is delineated by several developmental switches. Arresting the progression through this sexual differentiation pathway would effectively block(More)
The circular, single-stranded DNA genome of the Pf3 bacteriophage was sequenced in its entirety by each of two methods, the M13-dideoxy chain termination method and the chemical degradation method. It consists of 5,833 nucleotides. With respect to both the DNA and the protein sequences, there is virtually no homology between Pf3 and the phages Ff (M13, f1,(More)
A novel Plasmodium falciparum sporozoite antigen, STARP (Sporozoite Threonine and Asparagine-Rich Protein), detected consistently on the surface of sporozoites obtained from laboratory strains and field isolates, has been identified and cloned, following a systematic approach aimed at isolating novel non-CS sporozoite surface antigens. The 2.0-kb STARP gene(More)
The interaction of nisin, a membrane-interacting cationic polypeptide, with membrane-mimicking micelles of zwitterionic dodecylphosphocholine and of anionic sodium dodecylsulphate was studied. Direct contacts have been established through the observation of NOEs between nisin and micelle protons. Spin-labeled DOXYL-stearic acids were incorporated into the(More)
We report a floating chirality procedure to treat nonstereospecifically assigned methylene or isopropyl groups in the calculation of protein structures from NMR data using restrained molecular dynamics and simulated annealing. The protocol makes use of two strategies to induce the proper conformation of the prochiral centres: explicit atom 'swapping'(More)