Ronald K Charlton

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BACKGROUND After treatment with clopidogrel, patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have reduced platelet inhibition compared with patients who are not diabetic. Whether platelet inhibition can be enhanced by increasing clopidogrel maintenance dosage in T2DM patients is unknown. The aim of this pilot study was to assess the functional impact of a(More)
AIMS Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have reduced platelet inhibition compared with non-diabetics following P2Y(12) receptor blockade. Whether inhibition of P2Y(12) signalling can be enhanced by adjunctive treatment with cilostazol in T2DM patients is unknown. The aim of this pilot study was to assess the functional impact of cilostazol in(More)
The avian retinotectofugal pathway has been suggested to be homologous to the mammalian retinotectofugal pathway. The projection of the nucleus rotundus upon the ectostriatum is equivalent to that of the pulvinar nucleus upon the extrastriate cortex in mammals. In this system, the optic tectum relays retinal input to the nucleus rotundus, which then ascends(More)
Considerable data have demonstrated that psychological states can influence the immune system in animals. Whether human immune function can be intentionally modulated by the central nervous system is unknown. This article presents data from two studies that sought to demonstrate intentional modulation of the immune system by psychological interventions. It(More)
Tissue cultures offer potential advantages for assaying the toxicity of chemicals and for evaluating tissue susceptibility to toxic agents. Several properties of cultured cells hinder the immediate, widespread use of tissue cultures to assay toxicity routinely. These points are illustrated by briefly reviewing attempts to utilize different types of hepatic(More)
Postinfectious encephalomyelitis and multiple sclerosis have clinical, immunologic, and neuroradiographic similarities. We studied HLA determinants in six white children consecutively diagnosed with postinfectious encephalomyelitis. Each of the children had HLA determinants which have been associated with multiple sclerosis. Relative risk (RR) calculations(More)
Multiple immunologic side effects have been ascribed to phenytoin. Numerous reports in the literature discuss the possible cellular and humoral abnormalities that appear to be present in patients given phenytoin. The most consistent finding is a reduction in serum IgA found in up to 20% of patients. To resolve some of the conflicting studies on cellular(More)
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