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A newly developed method of comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) employing quantitative statistical comparisons was applied to DNA from two different types of advanced prostate cancer tissue. Multiple CGH analyses were obtained for each chromosome in each tumor, and the results of point-by-point comparison of the mean tumor:normal color ratio to a(More)
Analysis of gene expression and correlation with clinical parameters has the potential to become an important factor in therapeutic decision making. The ability to analyze gene expression in archived tissues, for which clinical followup is already available, will greatly facilitate research in this area. A major obstacle to this approach, however, has been(More)
Due to problems with primary tumor cell culture, conventional cytogenetics has yielded little insightful information on chromosomal alterations in prostate cancer. The primary aim of this study was to define the ability of comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) to detect and map genetic deletions in prostate tumors. A secondary aim was to apply multiple(More)
An improved method has been developed for the glycophorin A assay for somatic cell mutations in humans. The new assay, named the "BR6" assay, can be performed on a commercially available, single-beam flow cytometer, in contrast to the previously described 1W1 assay that required a dual-beam flow sorter. A modified cell labeling method developed for the BR6(More)
The interactions between DNA-specific fluorescence stains complexed with mitotic Chinese hamster cells were studied by spectrofluorometric and flow fluorometric techniques. The degree of binding interactions and of energy transfer between stains was determined from the intensities and shapes of fluorescence emission spectra of cells complexed with pairs of(More)
The glycophorin A assay was used to estimate the frequency of mutations that accumulate in vivo in somatic cells of persons with Bloom's syndrome (BS). This assay measures the frequency in persons of blood type MN of variant erythrocytes that lack the expression of one allelic form of glycophorin A, presumably due to mutational or recombinational events in(More)
This report describes the development and validation of quantitative microsatellite analysis (QuMA) for rapid measurement of relative DNA sequence copy number. In QuMA, the copy number of a test locus relative to a pooled reference is assessed using quantitative, real-time PCR amplification of loci carrying simple sequence repeats. Use of simple sequence(More)
Quantitative immunofluorescence measurements were performed on erythrocytes labeled with monoclonal antibodies to glycophorin A (GPA) to assess the level of binding of these antibodies to normal and variant cell types. The seven antibodies used in this study include two that bind preferentially to the M form of GPA, three that bind preferentially to the N(More)
A modified method was developed for measuring the frequency of variant erythrocytes at the glycophorin A locus using a single beam cell sorter (SBS). Fluorescein- or phycoerythrin-labeled monoclonal antibodies specific for the M or N glycophorin A alleles were used for the SBS assay. To prevent contamination of nucleated cells in the sorting windows, the(More)
Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) is characterized by a translocation t(15:17) that fuses the retinoic acid receptor gene with the promyelocytic gene, which blocks differentiation to normal granulocytes. NB4 cells, derived from human acute promyelocytic leukemia, display this genotype and phenotype. All trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) induces differentiation of(More)