Ronald Jay Benveniste

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We describe the direct and cell-specific regulation of the Drosophila FMRFa neuropeptide gene by Apterous, a LIM homeodomain transcription factor. dFMRFa and Apterous are expressed in partially overlapping subsets of neurons, including two of the seventeen dFMRFa cell types, the Tv neuroendocrine cells and the SP2 interneurons. Apterous contributes to the(More)
OBJECT The aim of this study was to identify the optimal surgical goals and techniques for managing symptomatic Rathke cleft cysts (RCCs). METHODS The authors conducted a retrospective study of 62 consecutive patients who had undergone surgery for RCCs. Postoperative follow up was a mean of 28 months. Fifty-six patients underwent transsphenoidal cyst(More)
OBJECT Embryonic stem cell (ESC)-derived astrocytes have many theoretical and practical advantages as vectors for delivery of gene therapy to the central nervous system (CNS). The aim of this study was to generate highly pure populations of ESC-derived astrocytes expressing drug-inducible transgenes, while minimizing contamination by undifferentiated ESCs(More)
BACKGROUND Intraoperative brain shift may cause inaccuracy of stereotactic image guidance on the basis of preoperatively acquired imaging data. The purpose of our study was to determine whether factors predicting brain shift affect the success of image-guided resection of malignant brain tumors. METHODS We retrospectively studied 54 patients who underwent(More)
A 41-year-old man presented with left optic neuritis (ON) without evidence of other autoimmune disease or hormonal imbalance. MRI showed enlargement of the left optic nerve but no sellar lesion. The patient recovered after steroid therapy but later developed right ON and required treatment again. Follow-up MRI revealed an ill-defined, enlarging sellar(More)
Pituicytomas are rare tumors. Previously reported pituicytomas all presented with signs and symptoms relating to mass effect or endocrinological dysfunction. We report a 47 year old man who presented with sudden, severe headache and was found to have a hemorrhagic suprasellar mass with hemorrhage into the third ventricle. A mass arising from the pituitary(More)
The corpus luteum function was evaluated in patients with surgically confirmed ectopic pregnancy (EP) in a multicenter study. In addition, the minimal threshold of serum progesterone (P) concentration required for salvaging intrauterine pregnancies (IUP) was also examined. Results show that single P or 17-OHP measurements are not diagnostic for EP, since(More)
We hypothesize that the actions of epidermal growth factor (EGF) may be modulated by changes in cell surface EGF receptor (EGF-R) expression under endocrine influences. Mouse liver cell membrane preparations were used in a RRA. During ontogenesis, both sexes showed a significant increase (P less than 0.005) in hepatic EGF-R numbers at puberty; however,(More)
Lymphoma involving the pituitary gland is very rare and usually results from metastatic spread of systemic lymphoma. We present a case of primary central nervous system (CNS) large B cell lymphoma that manifested as pituitary apoplexy. A 45-year-old woman presented with headache, and then rapidly developed a third nerve palsy and bitemporal hemianopsia.(More)
OBJECT In this paper the authors describe the indications for and the results and complications of repeated transsphenoidal surgery (RTSS) to treat recurrent or residual pituitary adenoma. METHODS A retrospective review was conducted of 96 consecutive patients who underwent RTSS to treat recurrent or residual pituitary adenoma. Ninety-six patients(More)