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OBJECTIVE Weight loss has been shown to decrease liver fat content and whole-body insulin resistance. The current study was conducted to investigate the simultaneous effects of rapid weight reduction with a very-low-calorie diet on liver glucose and fatty acid metabolism and liver adiposity. HYPOTHESIS We hypothesized that liver insulin resistance and(More)
Insulin infusion improves myocardial blood flow (MBF) in healthy subjects. Until now, the effect of insulin on myocardial perfusion in type 2 diabetic subjects with coronary artery disease (CAD) has been unknown. We studied the effects of insulin on MBF in ischemic regions evaluated by single-photon emission-computed tomography and coronary angiography and(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate and validate magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) for the visualization and quantification of brown adipose tissue (BAT) in vivo in a rat model. We hypothesized that, based on differences in tissue water and lipid content, MRI could reliably differentiate between BAT and white adipose tissue (WAT) and could(More)
OBJECTIVE To prospectively compare the accuracy of combined positron emission tomography/computed tomography using F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG-PET/CT), multidetector row computed tomography (MDCT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) in the evaluation of patients with suspected pancreatic malignancy. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA FDG-PET/CT imaging is(More)
Adenosine is a widely used pharmacological agent to induce a "high-flow" control condition to study the mechanisms of exercise hyperemia, but it is not known how well an adenosine infusion depicts exercise-induced hyperemia, especially in terms of blood flow distribution at the capillary level in human muscle. Additionally, it remains to be determined what(More)
Although many effects of both acute and chronic hypoxia on the circulation are well characterized, the distribution and regulation of blood flow (BF) heterogeneity in skeletal muscle during systemic hypoxia is not well understood in humans. We measured muscle BF within the thigh muscles of nine healthy young men using positron emission tomography during(More)
Lipolysis may regulate liver free fatty acid (FFA) uptake and triglyceride accumulation; both are potential causes of insulin resistance and liver damage. We evaluated whether 1) systemic FFA release is the major determinant of liver FFA uptake in fasting humans in vivo and 2) the beneficial metabolic effects of FFA lowering can be explained by a reduction(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS Hepatic lipotoxicity results from and contributes to obesity-related disorders. It is a challenge to study human metabolism of fatty acids (FAs) in the liver. We combined (11)C-palmitate imaging by positron emission tomography (PET) with compartmental modeling to determine rates of hepatic FA uptake, oxidation, and storage, as well as(More)
PURPOSE To evaluate in-phase and out-of-phase magnetic resonance (MR) imaging in the estimation of liver fat content (LFC) in patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), with hydrogen ((1)H) MR spectroscopy as the reference standard. MATERIALS AND METHODS Written informed consent was obtained from all subjects, and the local ethics committee(More)
Nonalcoholic fatty liver (NAFL) is a common comorbidity in patients with type 2 diabetes and links to the risk of coronary syndromes. The aim was to determine the manifestations of metabolic syndrome in different organs in patients with liver steatosis. We studied 55 type 2 diabetic patients with coronary artery disease using positron emission tomography.(More)