Ronald Howard Cox

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A number of previous studies have demonstrated that some aspect of baroreflex function is altered as hypertension develops. However, no studies have determined whether a chronic stressor can alter baroreflex function in the resting state. In the present study, male borderline hypertensive rats (BHR) were divided into three groups: control, stressed daily(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the systolic blood pressure and plasma renin activity (PRA) responses to chronic stress in normotensive rats and in rats with one hypertensive parent. Twenty-four male Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) and 24 male F1 offspring of spontaneously hypertensive and WKY rats (BHR) were randomly assigned to 3 groups of 8 each.(More)
Previous research has shown that static stretching has an inhibitory effect on sprinting performances up to 50 m. The purpose of this study was to see what would happen to these effects at longer distances such as those seen in competition. This study used a within-subjects design to investigate the effects of passive static stretching vs. no stretching on(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to assess participants' ability to perform tasks requiring attention, short term memory, and simple motor skill while sitting, standing or walking at an active workstation. METHODS Fifty participants completed the Stroop Color Word test (SCWT), Auditory Consonant Trigram test (ACTT), and Digital Finger Tapping test(More)
The collagen and elastin contents of the major arterial components of the canine circle of Willis (basilar artery, posterior cerebral artery, internal carotid artery, middle cerebral artery, and anterior cerebral artery) were determined as measures of the passive mechanical properties of these vessels. Studies were carried out in seven normotensive dogs and(More)
BACKGROUND The effect of active workstation implementation on speech quality in a typical work setting remains unclear. PURPOSE To assess differences between sitting, standing, and walking on energy expenditure and speech quality. METHODS Twenty-two females and 9 males read silently, read aloud, and spoke spontaneously during 3 postural conditions:(More)
The borderline hypertensive rat (BHR) is a first-generation cross between the spontaneously hypertensive rat and the normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rat. The BHR develops frank hypertension when chronically stressed or when fed a high-sodium diet. Stress-induced hypertension can be blocked by exercise. The role of the central nervous system and kidney in(More)
The effects of daily, intraperitoneal injections of LiCl (3 mEq/kg) on systolic blood pressure (SBP) and adrenal catecholamine levels were measured in spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and in normotensive Wistar-Kyoto rats (WKY). Control animals from each strain were injected with equivalent volumes (0.1 ml/100 g b.wt.) of 0.9% saline (0.15 mEq/kg). SBP(More)
Studies from this laboratory have shown that the first filial offspring of female spontaneously-hypertensive rats and male Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) normotensive rats develop stress-induced hypertension. The present study sought to examine the effects of intracerebroventricular administration of clonidine (8 micrograms) on cardiovascular and sympathoadrenal(More)
Blood pressure and heart rate responses of the spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) and the Wistar-Kyoto rat (WKY) to mild restraint and tone-shock pairings were compared during a pre-stress, aversive conditioning and post-stress period, after five previous days of exposure to the paradigm. Although SHR and WKY showed similar responses to the onset of the(More)