Ronald Hopper

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BACKGROUND Endothelium-derived nitric oxide (NO) is synthesised from L-arginine by endothelial nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) encoded by the NOS 3 gene on chromosome 7. Because reduced NO synthesis has been implicated in the development of coronary atherosclerosis, which has a heritable component, we hypothesised that polymorphisms of NOS 3 might be(More)
OBJECTIVES To investigate the relationship between polymorphisms in the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE), angiotensinogen (AGT) and type 1 angiotensin-II (AT1R) genes and (1) quantitative variations in blood pressure and (2) the blood pressure response to ACE inhibition in a hypertensive cohort. DESIGN AND METHODS We administered monotherapy with ACE(More)
Despite advances in the understanding of monogenic hypertensive disorders, the genetic contribution to essential hypertension has yet to be elucidated. The position of tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) as the rate-limiting enzyme in catecholamine biosynthesis renders it a candidate gene for the etiology of hypertension. The TH gene contains an internal, informative(More)
We examined whether the GNAS1 locus, encoding the G(s) protein alpha-subunit (G(s)alpha), is implicated in the genetic causes of essential hypertension. A common silent polymorphism (ATT-->ATC, Ile(131)) was identified in exon 5 of the G(s)alpha gene by single-strand conformation polymorphism analysis and DNA sequencing. This polymorphism consists of the(More)
BACKGROUND Essential hypertension is a multifactorial disease in which the genetic contribution is probably the result of a number of genes acting in combination. Recent work has incriminated endothelin-2 (ET2) as a candidate gene for human essential hypertension. This study sought to (i) determine the existence of any molecular variants in the ET2 gene;(More)
The angiotensinogen gene locus (1q42-43) has been linked to hypertension in affected relative-pair studies (including a previous UK study), but the role of the Met-->Thr polymorphism at position 235 remains controversial. Using this marker, we investigated the relationship between angiotensinogen genotype and blood pressure in two data sets from the East(More)
A 30-year-old woman presented with hypertension and hypokalaemia, and was found to have primary aldosteronism due to a Conn's adenoma, whose removal cured the hypertension. Before surgery, the characteristic biochemical changes which enabled the diagnosis were completely masked by administration of a calcium-channel blocker, amlodipine. It is likely that(More)
OBJECTIVE The amino-terminal polymorphisms, Arg16Gly and Gln27Glu, of the beta2-adrenergic receptor (beta2AR) have been shown to affect regulation of the receptor expression by an agonist in cell culture studies. The Arg16Gly polymorphism has also been recently shown to be associated with essential hypertension. We therefore evaluated whether the(More)
The Cyber Defense Laboratory at Western Kentucky University has established a multidisciplinary research team in order to gain a better understanding of the motives and methods of hackers. This involves the collaboration of computer scientists, network analysts, sociologists, and anthropologists. Most research along these lines to date has been performed by(More)
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