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Full and functionally selective M1 muscarinic agonists (carbachol and AF102B, respectively) activate secretion of the soluble form of amyloid precursor protein (APPs) in PC12 cells expressing the m1 muscarinic receptor (PC12M1 cells). This activation is further augmented by neurotrophins such as nerve growth factor and basic fibroblast growth factor.(More)
A cholinergic hypofunction in Alzheimer's disease (AD) may lead to formation of beta-amyloids that might impair the coupling of M1 muscarinic ACh receptors (mAChRs) with G proteins. This disruption in coupling can lead to decreased signal transduction, to a reduction in levels of trophic amyloid precursor proteins (APPs), and to generation of more(More)
Semen extenders containing components such as egg yolk and skim milk are difficult to standardize and they introduce the risk of microbial contamination. A well-defined extender not originating from animal tissues would present a valuable contribution to the AI industry. We evaluated the fertility of bovine semen cryopreserved with 3 different extenders: 1)(More)
Binding of [3H]-phencyclidine ( [3H]-PCP) to acetylcholine-receptor enriched membrane from Torpedo ocellata electric organ was studied over a ligand concentration range of 1 to 200 microM. The results indicate that [3H]-PCP is bound to two classes of sites: high affinity (Kd = 6-9 microM) and low affinity (Kd = 85 microM) binding sites. In the absence of(More)
Activation of transfected muscarinic m1 acetylcholine receptors (m1AChR) has been linked to several signal transduction pathways which include phosphoinositide hydrolysis, arachidonic acid release and cAMP accumulation. In Chinese hamster ovary cells stably transfected with the rat m1AChR gene, carbachol elicited all three responses with EC50 values of 2.6,(More)
M1 selective agonists from the AF series (e.g. AF102B, AF150(S)), via m1 muscarinic receptors, activate distinct signal transductions, enhance amyloid precursors proteins secretion from transfected cells and primary cell cultures, show neurotrophic effects and are beneficial in a variety of animal models for Alzheimer's disease. Such m1 agonists may be(More)
The nature of the interactions between the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) and the phencyclidine (PCP) receptors was studied in membranes obtained from rat cerebral cortex and washed repeatedly to remove endogenous excitatory amino acids. Binding of [3H]-N-[1-(2-thienyl)cyclohexyl]piperidine ([3H]TCP) to its receptor sites in these membranes proceeded slowly(More)
Three assays for the specific detection of Mycobacterium paratuberculosis by dot spot hybridization of polymerase chain reaction products were applied to fecal samples of dairy cattle. The first two tests used polymerase chain reaction primers and a DNA probe derived from M. paratuberculosis-specific sequences of the 16S rRNA gene and insertion element(More)
The AF series compounds, AF102B and congeners of AF150(S), are functionally selective agonists for m1 muscarinic receptors (m1AChRs). This is shown in stable transfected CHO and PC12 cells (PC12M1) with m1m5AChRs and m1AChRs, respectively. AF102B and AF150(S) are partial agonists, but AF150, AF151, and AF151 (S) are full agonists in stimulating(More)
Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors in receptor-rich membranes from Torpedo californica and from T. marmorata electric tissue were photolabeled with the non-competitive inhibitor [3H]azidophencyclidine. The receptor subunits were separated on SDS-polyacrylamide gels and the alpha-subunits recovered from the gel, were subjected to Staphylococcus aureus V8(More)