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Using a surgical approach involving double ligatures and transection, together with subsequent recovery of the eggs, heifers mated at the onset of oestrus have been examined for progression of spermatozoa within the oviducts relative to the time of ovulation; the latter occurred 28-31 hours after the onset of oestrus. Evidence was obtained that spermatozoa(More)
  • R H Hunter
  • 1984
Using the surgical approach of post-coital ligation and transection of the distal oviduct at different times relative to ovulation, together with subsequent recovery of the eggs, gilts mated at the onset of oestrus were studied for progression of viable spermatozoa within the isthmus. Results are derived from 76 animals and examination of 1047 eggs.(More)
In an attempt to demonstrate limitations in the capacitating potential of the Fallopian tube, ejaculated boar spermatozoa were introduced directly into the isthmus at varying intervals before ovulation. The incidence and degree of polyspermy subsequently observed were taken as indicators of the population of capacitated spermatozoa confronting the newly(More)
  • R H Hunter
  • 1981
The rate of establishment of a population of viable spermatozoa in the oviducts was studied using a technique of post-coital transection in conjunction with subsequent examination of the proportion of eggs fertilized. Gilts were mated early in oestrus (before ovulation) or on the 2nd day of oestrus (after ovulation), and 30, 45 or 60 min later the(More)
  • R H Hunter
  • 1991
Because the exceptionally high incidence of polyspermic fertilisation has been emphasised as a major defect in systems of in vitro fertilisation in pigs, the aetiology of the condition has been analysed in a series of experiments in vivo in the search for a common underlying cause and possible means of mitigation. Whereas the defense mechanism against(More)
Fine thermistor probes positioned in each end of the same oviduct and connected to the same scale were used to measure temperature gradients in the lumen before and after spontaneous ovulation in normally-cyclic gilts. Readings were taken after full surgical closure of a mid-ventral incision and a subsequent period of stabilization, but whilst animals(More)
Progression of ram spermatozoa within the sheep oviduct has been studied in relation to the time of ovulation. Ewes were mated at the onset of estrus and, at increasing intervals thereafter, the oviduct isthmus was transected 1.5-2.0 cm proximal to the utero-tubal junction. The incidence of fertilization and number of accessory spermatozoa were examined in(More)
In cows undergoing spontaneous oestrous cycles and mated during the first 6 hours of oestrus, the distribution of spermatozoa in the oviduct isthmus and changes in their surface membranes and neighbouring epithelium have been examined shortly before and after ovulation. In agreement with previous histological studies, relatively few spermatozoa were(More)