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BACKGROUND Several recent studies have shown that stress markedly delays wound healing. This study assessed the relationship between psychological stress and the secretion of proinflammatory cytokines at an actual wound site, providing in vivo data on the development of local immune responses that are central in the early stages of wound repair. METHODS(More)
Folk wisdom has long suggested that stressful events take a toll on health. The field of psychoneuroimmunology (PNI) is now providing key mechanistic evidence about the ways in which stressors--and the negative emotions that they generate--can be translated into physiological changes. PNI researchers have used animal and human models to learn how the immune(More)
High and low reactors were preselected on the basis of their heart rate reactivity to a speech stressor in a prescreening session. In the main study, subjects were exposed to a mental arithmetic plus noise stressor. Cardiovascular activity was recorded during baseline and stressor, and blood was drawn prior to and following the stressor for endocrine and(More)
OBJECTIVE Study 1: Introduce and validate a method for measuring EBV p18-VCA antibodies in whole blood spots to provide a minimally invasive marker of cell-mediated immune function. Study 2: Apply this method to a large community-based study of psychopathology in children and adolescents. METHODS The EBV antibody method was evaluated through analysis of(More)
Stressful events suppress a broad spectrum of both humoral and cellular immunological responses. However, studies of the effects of stress on the development of specific antiviral immune responses have not been reported. We have utilized an established murine model of an acute, local footpad Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) infection to study the effect(More)
BACKGROUND Depression is associated with enhanced production of proinflammatory cytokines that influence a spectrum of conditions associated with aging, including cardiovascular disease, osteoporosis, arthritis, type 2 diabetes mellitus, certain cancers, periodontal disease, frailty, and functional decline. In this prospective community study, we assessed(More)
The stress of physical restraint has been shown to modulate the cellular immune response during a viral infection. We have studied the effects of stress on the humoral immune response during infection by influenza virus. Restraint stress altered the kinetics of the antibody response; seroconversion in the IgG and IgA isotypes was delayed in virus-infected(More)
Observational studies have linked lower levels of omega-3 (n-3) polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) with inflammation and depression. This study was designed to determine whether n-3 supplementation would decrease serum cytokine production and depressive symptoms in 138 healthy middle-aged and older adults (average age=51.04, SD=7.76) who were sedentary and(More)
Potential mechanisms coordinating individual differences in cardiovascular reactivity and endocrine and immune responses to acute psychological stress were examined. Twenty-three young, healthy women performed a mental arithmetic challenge while measures of cardiovascular, endocrine, and immune function were assessed. Results revealed that the acute(More)