Learn More
BACKGROUND Nationally representative estimates of in-hospital mortality after aortic valve replacement are needed to evaluate whether results from The Society of Thoracic Surgeons National Cardiac Surgery Database are applicable to other institutions in the United States performing these procedures. METHODS Data from the 1994 Nationwide Inpatient Sample(More)
The risk of squamous cell carcinoma (SCC) from ultraviolet radiation (UV) emitted by unfiltered fluorescent lamps was assessed. The assessment employed a mathematical power model based on human epidemiological data, which relates the SCC incidence in the United States white population to ambient solar UV. The annual numbers of new SCC on anatomical sites(More)
PURPOSE To review the range of local and systemic complications attributed to silicone breast implants and to evaluate the epidemiologic literature on these complications. DATA SOURCES Epidemiologic studies of the potential risks of silicone breast implants identified by MEDLINE search and literature review. STUDY SELECTION Epidemiologic studies with(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this investigation was to observe and assess the actual disinfection or sterilization of endoscopes in health care facilities. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 22 hospitals and four ambulatory care centers in three states were studied. Facility protocols were reviewed, interviews conducted with relevant personnel, actual(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to use 2003 nationwide United States data to determine the incidences of primary total hip replacement, partial hip replacement, and revision hip replacement and to assess the short-term patient outcomes and factors associated with the outcomes. METHODS We screened more than eight million hospital discharge(More)
Veterinarians are challenged by an imposing group of occupational hazards, including exposure to ionizing radiation, injury, infectious agents, and chemicals. In this paper, the health hazards in the typical veterinary practice are inventoried, and the risks of each are assessed. During the past few decades, there has been a significant increase in women(More)
Adverse reactions to medical gloves represent an important public health issue. Accordingly, there is increasing interest in understanding the information reported to the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) describing health effects associated with the use of medical gloves. This article provides a retrospective analysis and summary of health effects(More)
The Center for Devices and Radiological Health, in collaboration with the state health departments of Iowa, Maryland, and Massachusetts, conducted a multi-state, multi-institutional investigation of glove use by health care workers (HCWs). Twenty-two hospitals and four ambulatory care centers were included in the investigation. All 26 health care facilities(More)
Data on pacemaker implantation were obtained from the Medical Device Implant Supplement to the 1988 National Health Interview Survey, a nationally representative, population-based survey of 47,485 households (122,310 persons). The survey yielded an estimate of 456,482 noninstitutionalized adults with pacemakers (prevalence, 2.6 per 1,000). Prevalence rose(More)
BACKGROUND Rubber latex hypersensitivity is an important concern for health care workers. PURPOSE The Center for Devices and Radiological Health, in collaboration with the Consumer Product Safety Commission, conducted a multicenter study of the prevalence of latex-specific IgE antibodies among United States hospital personnel. MATERIALS AND METHODS Nine(More)