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Impaired skeletal muscle oxidative phosphorylation in patients with severe mitochondrial respiratory chain defects results in disabling exercise intolerance that is associated with a markedly blunted capacity of muscle to increase oxygen utilization in relation to circulatory and ventilatory responses that increase oxygen delivery to muscle during exercise.(More)
Glucose is the dominant oxidative fuel for brain, but studies have indicated that fatty acids are used by brain as well. We postulated that fatty acid oxidation in brain could contribute significantly to overall energy usage and account for non-glucose-derived energy production. [2,4,6,8-13C4]octanoate oxidation in intact rats was determined by nuclear(More)
Dramatic tissue variation in mitochondrial heteroplasmy has been found to exist in patients with sporadic mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations. Despite high abundance in mature skeletal muscle, levels of the causative mutation are low or undetectable in satellite cells. The activation of these typically quiescent mitotic cells and subsequent shifting of(More)
Aerobic training has been shown to increase work and oxidative capacity in patients with mitochondrial myopathies, but the mechanisms underlying improvement are not known. We evaluated physiological (cycle exercise, 31P-MRS), biochemical (enzyme levels), and genetic (proportion of mutant/wild-type genomes) responses to 14 weeks of bicycle exercise training(More)
At present there are limited therapeutic interventions for patients with mitochondrial myopathies. Exercise training has been suggested as an approach to improve physical capacity and quality of life but it is uncertain whether it offers a safe and effective treatment for patients with heteroplasmic mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) mutations. The objectives of(More)
OBJECTIVE Susceptibility to exertional cramps and rhabdomyolysis in myophosphorylase deficiency (McArdle's disease [MD]) may lead patients to shun exercise. However, physical inactivity may worsen exercise intolerance by further reducing the limited oxidative capacity caused by blocked glycogenolysis. We investigated whether aerobic conditioning can safely(More)
A cardinal feature of impaired skeletal muscle oxidative metabolism in mitochondrial myopathies is a limited ability to increase the extraction of O(2) from blood relative to the increase in O(2) delivery by the circulation during exercise. We investigated whether aerobic forearm exercise would result in an abnormal increase in venous effluent O(2) in(More)
The relationship between the concentration of carnitine and the oxidation of oleate was examined in homogenates prepared from skeletal muscle, liver, kidney, and heart of the rat, and from canine and human skeletal muscle. the carnitine content of these tissues in situ spanned a wide range, from about 0.1 mumol per gram in rat liver to about 3.0 mumol per(More)
Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) transfers electrons from complexes I and II of the mitochondrial respiratory chain to complex III. There is one published report of human CoQ10 deficiency describing two sisters with encephalopathy, proximal weakness, myoglobinuria, and lactic acidosis. We report a patient who had delayed motor milestones, proximal weakness, premature(More)