Ronald G. Duggleby

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Sulfonation is an important reaction in the metabolism of numerous xenobiotics, drugs, and endogenous compounds. A supergene family of enzymes called sulfotransferases (SULTs) catalyze this reaction. In most cases, the addition of a sulfonate moiety to a compound increases its water solubility and decreases its biological activity. However, many of these(More)
MOTIVATION The derivation of steady-state equations is frequently carried out in enzyme kinetic studies. Done manually, this becomes tedious and prone to human error. The computer programs now available which are able to accept reaction mechanisms of some complexity are focused only on the strict steady-state approach. RESULTS Here we present a computer(More)
BACKGROUND Site-directed mutagenesis is an efficient method to alter the structure and function of genes. Here we report a rapid and efficient megaprimer-based polymerase chain reaction (PCR) mutagenesis strategy that by-passes any intermediate purification of DNA between two rounds of PCR. RESULTS The strategy relies on the use of a limiting(More)
Enzymic catalysis proceeds via intermediates formed in the course of substrate conversion. Here, we directly detect key intermediates in thiamin diphosphate (ThDP)-dependent enzymes during catalysis using (1)H NMR spectroscopy. The quantitative analysis of the relative intermediate concentrations allows the determination of the microscopic rate constants of(More)
Hypoxic injury in the isolated perfused rat kidney (IPRK) was monitored using 23Na-NMR in the presence or absence of 1.5 and 15 mM dimethylthiourea (DMTU) or 15 mM dimethylsulphoxide (DMSO) before and after inducing hypoxia. Hypoxia induced a prompt exponential increase in total renal 23Na+, renal vascular resistance, and sodium excretion and decreased(More)
Acetohydroxyacid synthase (AHAS; EC catalyzes the first common step in branched-chain amino acid biosynthesis. The enzyme is inhibited by several chemical classes of compounds and this inhibition is the basis of action of the sulfonylurea and imidazolinone herbicides. The commercial sulfonylureas contain a pyrimidine or a triazine ring that is(More)
Despite the number of computer-assisted methods described for the derivation of steady-state equations of enzyme systems , most of them are focused on strict steady-state conditions or are not able to solve complex reaction mechanisms. Moreover, many of them are based on computer programs that are either not readily available or have limitations. We present(More)
Ketol-acid reductoisomerase (EC catalyses the second reaction in the biosynthesis of branched-chain amino acids. The reaction involves an Mg2+ -dependent alkyl migration followed by an NADPH-dependent reduction of the 2-keto group. Here, the crystallization of the Escherichia coli enzyme is reported. A form with a C-terminal hexahistidine tag(More)
A program that performs simulation of the kinetics of enzyme-catalyzed reactions with up to 32 species is described. The program is written in C++ for MS Windows 95/98/NT and uses a simple text file to define the kinetic model. The use of the program is illustrated with some examples. WES is available free of charge on request from the authors (e-mail:(More)
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