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The survival of Azospirillum brasilense Cd and Sp-245 in the rhizosphere of wheat and tomato plants and in 23 types of plant-free sterilized soils obtained from a wide range of environments in Israel and Mexico was evaluated. Large numbers of A. brasilense cells were detected in all the rhizospheres tested, regardless of soil type, bacterial strain, the(More)
Vinca (Catharanthus roseus (L.) G. Don.) is an important medicinal plant species from which antineoplastic alkaloids such as vinblastine are extracted. However, neither abiotic stress nor inoculation of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) has been evaluated on the accumulation of vinca alkaloids under controlled conditions. This study evaluated the effects(More)
Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) have been hypothesized to enhance plant adaptation and growth in petroleum-contaminated soils. Nevertheless, neither AMF-biodiversity under chronically petroleum-contaminated soils nor spore germination response to petroleum hydrocarbons has been well studied. Chronically petroleum-contaminated rhizosphere soil and roots(More)
Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) are able to increase root enzymatic activity of acid and alkaline phosphatases. However, the role of AMF on phosphatase activity has not been reported in papaya (Carica papaya L.), which is frequently established at places with soil phosphorus (P) deficiencies. The goals of this research were to determine the effect of(More)
This work investigated biosurfactant production by Pseudomonas putida in combined C/P, C/Ninorganic, C/Fe, C/Mg nutrient ratios and peptone concentration. Analysis of the 2(5-1) fractional factorial experimental design showed that only the C/Fe ratio had a significant (p<0.02) effect on biosurfactant production. The highest amount of biosurfactant was(More)
Sclerotinia sclerotiorum is a worldwide pathogen with a broad host spectrum pathogenic to around 400 plant species. Sclerotia formed by S. sclerotiorum serve as resting structures that secure fungal survival in soil for prolonged periods in the absence of a host plant or may help to overcoming periods of unsuitable growth conditions. In the present study,(More)
In order to characterize Rhizobium strains naturally associated with Gliricidia sepium (Jacq.) Walp. and to determine their effectiveness for seedling inoculation, morphologic traits of G. sepium nodules and Rhizobium strains isolated from them, collected along on altitudinal transect (10—970 m above sea level) in northern Veracruz were studied. The(More)
This research evaluated the effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) on growth, nutritional status, total antioxidant activity (AOX), total soluble phenolics content (TPC), and total nitrate reductase activity (NRA) of leaves and roots of Melilotus albus Medik planted in diesel-contaminated sand (7500 mg kg(-1)). Seedlings of Melilotus either Non(More)
This review analyzes the historical development and advances of the research on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) in Mexico, as well as the prospects for future research. AMF-research has been focused on studying both diversity and functionality in several ecosystems of Mexico, but mainly in the tropical dry and rainy ecosystems, and the agricultural(More)
 A field experiment was carried out to determine the effects of the inoculation of onion (Allium cepa L.) with Glomus sp. Zac-19 on the development of onion white rot (Sclerotium cepivorum Berk.) and on onion production. Mycorrhization delayed onion white rot epidemics by 2 weeks and provided a significant protection against the disease for 11 weeks after(More)