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The survival of Azospirillum brasilense Cd and Sp-245 in the rhizosphere of wheat and tomato plants and in 23 types of plant-free sterilized soils obtained from a wide range of environments in Israel and Mexico was evaluated. Large numbers of A. brasilense cells were detected in all the rhizospheres tested, regardless of soil type, bacterial strain, the(More)
Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) are able to increase root enzymatic activity of acid and alkaline phosphatases. However, the role of AMF on phosphatase activity has not been reported in papaya (Carica papaya L.), which is frequently established at places with soil phosphorus (P) deficiencies. The goals of this research were to determine the effect of(More)
Sclerotinia sclerotiorum is a worldwide pathogen with a broad host spectrum pathogenic to around 400 plant species. Sclerotia formed by S. sclerotiorum serve as resting structures that secure fungal survival in soil for prolonged periods in the absence of a host plant or may help to overcoming periods of unsuitable growth conditions. In the present study,(More)
Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) have been hypothesized to enhance plant adaptation and growth in petroleum-contaminated soils. Nevertheless, neither AMF-biodiversity under chronically petroleum-contaminated soils nor spore germination response to petroleum hydrocarbons has been well studied. Chronically petroleum-contaminated rhizosphere soil and roots(More)
This research evaluated the effects of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) on growth, nutritional status, total antioxidant activity (AOX), total soluble phenolics content (TPC), and total nitrate reductase activity (NRA) of leaves and roots of Melilotus albus Medik planted in diesel-contaminated sand (7500 mg kg(-1)). Seedlings of Melilotus either Non(More)
This review analyzes the historical development and advances of the research on arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) in Mexico, as well as the prospects for future research. AMF-research has been focused on studying both diversity and functionality in several ecosystems of Mexico, but mainly in the tropical dry and rainy ecosystems, and the agricultural(More)
This work investigated biosurfactant production by Pseudomonas putida in combined C/P, C/Ninorganic, C/Fe, C/Mg nutrient ratios and peptone concentration. Analysis of the 2(5-1) fractional factorial experimental design showed that only the C/Fe ratio had a significant (p<0.02) effect on biosurfactant production. The highest amount of biosurfactant was(More)
Contamination of soil and water with petroleum hydrocarbons has significantly increased as a result of accidental spills, thus, several biological systems have been applied to cleanup and rehabilitate the negatively impacted regions. The present review discusses the fundamental principles required to understand the effectiveness of some bioremediation(More)
Encystment of Azotobacter nigricans was induced by its diazotrophic cultivation on kerosene. Its growth and nitrogenase activity were affected by kerosene in comparison to cultures grown on sucrose. Electron microscopy of vegetative cells showed that when nitrogenase activity was higher and the poly-beta-hydroxybutyrate granules were not present to a(More)
Petroleum hydrocarbons (PHs) are major organic contaminants in soils, whose degradation process is mediated by microorganisms such as the filamentous fungi Cunninghamella elegans and Phanerochaete chrysosporium. However, little is known about the tolerance and the degradation capability of Trichoderma species when exposed to PH. This research evaluated the(More)