Ronald F Frank

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The interaction of Streptococcus pneumoniae with human plasmin(ogen) represents a mechanism to enhance bacterial virulence by capturing surface-associated proteolytic activity in the infected host. Plasminogen binds to surface displayed pneumococcal alpha-enolase (Eno) and is subsequently activated to the serine protease plasmin by host-derived tissue(More)
Presented first in 1990 at the 21st European Peptide Symposium in Barcelona, Spain [Frank, R., Güler, S., Krause, S., Lindenmaier, W., 1991. Facile and rapid 'spot synthesis' of large numbers of peptides on membrane sheets. In: Giralt, E., Andreu, D. (Eds.) Peptides 1990, Proc. 21st Eur. Peptide Symp. ESCOM, Leiden, p. 151.], the SPOT-synthesis method(More)
The activity of NF-kappaB is controlled at several levels including the phosphorylation of the strongly transactivating p65 (RelA) subunit. However, the overall number of phosphorylation sites, the signaling pathways and protein kinases that target p65 NF-kappaB and the functional role of these phosphorylations are still being uncovered. Using a combination(More)
The interaction between the cytoskeletal proteins talin and vinculin plays a key role in integrin-mediated cell adhesion and migration. We have determined the crystal structures of two domains from the talin rod spanning residues 482-789. Talin 482-655, which contains a vinculin-binding site (VBS), folds into a five-helix bundle whereas talin 656-789 is a(More)
The interaction between the cytoskeletal proteins talin and vinculin plays a key role in integrin-mediated cell adhesion and migration. Three vinculin binding sites (VBS1-3) have previously been identified in the talin rod using a yeast two-hybrid assay. To extend these studies, we spot-synthesized a series of peptides spanning all the alpha-helical regions(More)
Vascular endothelial cadherin (VE-cadherin) is an endothelial cell-specific cadherin that plays an important role in the control of vascular organization. Blocking VE-cadherin antibodies strongly inhibit angiogenesis, and inactivation of VE-cadherin gene causes embryonic lethality due to a lack of correct organization and remodeling of the vasculature.(More)
The human granulocyte-specific receptor carcinoembryonic antigen-related cell adhesion molecule (CEACAM)3 is critically involved in the opsonin-independent recognition of several bacterial pathogens. CEACAM3-mediated phagocytosis depends on the integrity of an ITAM-like sequence within the cytoplasmic domain of CEACAM3 and is characterized by rapid(More)
Suppressor of cytokine signaling (SOCS) proteins are a family of Src homology 2-containing adaptor proteins. Cytokine-inducible Src homology domain 2-containing protein, SOCS1, SOCS2, and SOCS3 have been implicated in the down-regulation of cytokine signaling. The function of SOCS4, 5, 6, and 7 are not known. KIT receptor signaling is regulated by protein(More)
Streptococcus pneumoniae binds to the ectodomain of the human polymeric Ig receptor (pIgR), also known as secretory component (SC), via a hexapeptide motif in the choline-binding protein SpsA. The SpsA-pIgR interaction mediates adherence and internalization of the human pathogen into epithelial cells. In this study the results of SpsA binding to human,(More)