Ronald E. Warnick

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BACKGROUND Diffuse low-grade and intermediate-grade gliomas (which together make up the lower-grade gliomas, World Health Organization grades II and III) have highly variable clinical behavior that is not adequately predicted on the basis of histologic class. Some are indolent; others quickly progress to glioblastoma. The uncertainty is compounded by(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the correlation between volume of brain irradiated by stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS) and the incidence of symptomatic and asymptomatic brain radionecrosis (RN). METHODS AND MATERIALS A retrospective analysis was performed of patients treated with single-fraction SRS for brain metastases at our institution. Patients with at least(More)
OBJECT Effective treatment options are limited for patients with recurrent glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), and survival is usually <1 year. Novel treatment approaches are needed. Localized adjunct treatment with carmustine (BCNU) wafers or permanent, low-activity 125I seed implants has been shown to be effective for GBM. This study assessed the efficacy and(More)
PURPOSE To examine the relationship between extent of disease and outcome in adults with medulloblastoma. METHODS AND MATERIALS We reviewed the records of all patients over 15 years old with newly diagnosed or recurrent medulloblastoma treated by or referred to the University of California, San Francisco, and recorded demographic characteristics, clinical(More)
OBJECTIVE To document functional outcome in persons with brain tumors undergoing inpatient rehabilitation and to compare outcomes with a group of traumatically brain injured patients. DESIGN Retrospective, descriptive, and case-matched. SETTING A free-standing inpatient brain injury rehabilitation unit. PARTICIPANTS Forty consecutive patients with a(More)
OBJECTIVE Brachytherapy with temporary implants may prolong survival in patients with recurrent glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), but it is associated with relatively high costs and morbidity. This study reports the time to progression and survival after permanent implantation of iodine-125 seeds for recurrent GBM and examines factors predictive of outcome. (More)
OBJECT Whole-brain radiotherapy (WBRT) after resection of a single brain metastasis can cause long-term radiation toxicity. The authors evaluated the efficacy of resection and placement of 125I seeds (without concomitant WBRT) for newly diagnosed single brain metastases. METHODS In a retrospective review from two institutions (1997-2003), 15 women and 11(More)
OBJECTIVE Well-established surgical goals for pituitary macroadenomas include gross total resection for noninvasive tumors and debulking with optic chiasm decompression for invasive tumors. In this report, we examine the safety, reliability, and outcome of intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging (iMRI) used to assess the extent of resection, and thus the(More)
OBJECT Frameless stereotactic biopsy has been shown in multiple studies to be a safe and effective tool for the diagnosis of brain lesions. However, no study has directly evaluated its safety in lesions located in eloquent regions in comparison with noneloquent locations. In this study, the authors determine whether an increased risk of neurological decline(More)
The multifunctional AMPK-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is an evolutionarily conserved energy sensor that plays an important role in cell proliferation, growth, and survival. It remains unclear whether AMPK functions as a tumor suppressor or a contextual oncogene. This is because although on one hand active AMPK inhibits mammalian target of rapamycin(More)