Ronald E. Roddy

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OBJECTIVES The objective of this trial was to investigate the safety and preliminary effectiveness of a daily dose of 300 mg of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) versus placebo in preventing HIV infection in women. DESIGN This was a phase 2, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial. SETTING The study was conducted between June 2004 and March(More)
OBJECTIVE The objective of this trial was to determine the effectiveness of 1.0% C31G (SAVVY) in preventing male-to-female vaginal transmission of HIV infection among women at high risk. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS This was a Phase 3, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Participants made up to 12 monthly visits for HIV testing, adverse(More)
The spermicide nonoxynol-9 (N-9) has been used as a contraceptive for over 30 years, but the use of a vaginal spermicide and condoms for the prevention of sexually transmitted infections has not been examined in randomised studies. We report a single-blind randomised field trial to assess the effect of N-9 film on the rate of gonococcal and chlamydial(More)
14 of 280 young, sexually active men with acute urinary symptoms had pronounced bacteriuria--13 with Escherichia coli and 1 with Staphylococcus saprophyticus. 12 of the 14 bacteriuric men were homosexual or bisexual, compared with 3 of 22 non-bacteriuric control patients. Pyuria and symptoms of cystitis were more common in the bacteriuric men, and these men(More)
Study 9780 I, the Investigator, agree to conduct this study in full accordance with the provisions of this protocol and will comply with all requirements regarding the obligations of clinical investigators as fully outlined in the Declaration of Helsinki and in the Statement of Investigator, which I have also signed. I agree to maintain all study(More)
A critical review of current epidemiological trends and social science research demonstrates that there is an urgent need for expanding the range of female-controlled HIV prevention methods. Existing efforts to control the spread of HIV infection primarily through the encouragement of a reduction in the number of sexual partners, widespread condom(More)
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