Ronald E. Kleinman

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OBJECTIVE Results from a recent series of surveys from 9 states and the District of Columbia by the Community Childhood Hunger Identification Project (CCHIP) provide an estimate that 4 million American children experience prolonged periodic food insufficiency and hunger each year, 8% of the children under the age of 12 in this country. The same studies show(More)
OBJECTIVE Using large-scale surveys from nine states, the Community Childhood Hunger Identification Project (CCHIP) estimates that 8% of American children under the age of 12 years experience hunger each year. CCHIP operationalizes child hunger as multiple experiences of parent-reported food insufficiency due to constrained resources. The current study(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether nutrient intake and academic and psychosocial functioning improve after the start of a universal-free school breakfast program (USBP). METHODS Information was gathered from 97 inner city students prior to the start of a USBP and again after the program had been in place for 6 months. Students who had total energy intakes of(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine if a relationship exists between participation in a school breakfast program and measures of psychosocial and academic functioning in school-aged children. METHODS Information on participation in a school breakfast program, school record data, and in-depth interviews with parents and children were collected in 1 public school in(More)
National trends indicate that children and adolescents are not achieving sufficient levels of physical activity. Combining global positioning system (GPS) technology with accelerometers has the potential to provide an objective determination in locations where youth engage in physical activity. The aim of this study was to identify the optimal methods for(More)
This study sought to define the therapeutic efficacy of domperidone in infants and children with gastroesophageal reflux. A double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was performed in seventeen children (ages 5 months to 11.3 years) with moderate to severe gastroesophageal reflux who had not responded to standard nonpharmacological therapy. Subjective and(More)
OBJECTIVE To increase knowledge on iron status and growth during the first 6 months of life. We hypothesized that iron status would be better in infants who received complementary foods in addition to breast milk compared with those exclusively breastfed. METHODS One hundred nineteen healthy term (≥37 weeks) singleton infants were randomly assigned to(More)
Before 2001, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommended that infants be exclusively breastfed for 4-6 mo with the introduction of complementary foods (any fluid or food other than breast milk) thereafter. In 2001, after a systematic review and expert consultation, this advice was changed, and exclusive breastfeeding is now recommended for the first 6(More)
Pediatric patients with ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease often suffer from malnutrition and growth failure. This is particularly true in pubertal children. Chronic insufficient nutrient intake is most often the cause of growth failure. Both parenteral nutrition and defined enteral formulas are available to rehabilitate patients with malnutrition and(More)