Ronald Dubner

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A method to measure cutaneous hyperalgesia to thermal stimulation in unrestrained animals is described. The testing paradigm uses an automated detection of the behavioral end-point; repeated testing does not contribute to the development of the observed hyperalgesia. Carrageenan-induced inflammation resulted in significantly shorter paw withdrawal latencies(More)
Partial nerve injury is the main cause of causalgiform pain disorders in humans. We present here a novel animal model of this condition. In rats we unilaterally ligated about half of the sciatic nerve high in the thigh. Within a few hours after the operation, and for several months thereafter, the rats developed guarding behavior of the ipsilateral hind paw(More)
The emerging literature implicates a role for glia/cytokines in persistent pain. However, the mechanisms by which these non-neural elements contribute to CNS activity-dependent plasticity and pain are unclear. Using a trigeminal model of inflammatory hyperalgesia, here we provide evidence that demonstrates a mechanism by which glia interact with neurons,(More)
Psychophysical experiments were carried out on 6 huma subjects to determine how first and second pain are influenced by peripheral receptor mechanisms and by central nervous system inhibitory and facilitatory mechanisms. For these experiments, brief natural painful stimuli delivered to the hand were a train of 4-8 constant waveform heat pulses generated by(More)
A detailed topographical representation of the visual field is present in cortical areas 17, 18 and 191,13,16. It would be astonishing if this topographical organisation were not gradually eroded and, to date, anatomical evidence suggests that the first major erosion occurs in the projection from the striate cortex (area 17) to the cortex of the superior(More)
Immune cells and glia interact with neurons to alter pain sensitivity and to mediate the transition from acute to chronic pain. In response to injury, resident immune cells are activated and blood-borne immune cells are recruited to the site of injury. Immune cells not only contribute to immune protection but also initiate the sensitization of peripheral(More)
The stimulus specificity for enhancement of dynorphin gene expression in rat spinal cord was studied by combined measurements of the peptide dynorphin A 1-8 and preprodynorphin mRNA levels during peripheral inflammation induced by several agents. The density of kappa receptors, the putative receptor for dynorphin peptides, was examined using receptor(More)
Increases in neuronal activity in response to tissue injury lead to changes in gene expression and prolonged changes in the nervous system. These functional changes appear to contribute to the hyperalgesia and spontaneous pain associated with tissue injury. This activity-dependent plasticity involves neuropeptides, such as dynorphin, substance P and(More)
Recently, several studies have suggested that neonatal noxious insult could alter future responses to painful stimuli. However, the manifestations, mechanisms, and even developmental nature of these alterations remain a matter of controversy. In part, this is due to the lack of detailed information on the neonatal sensitive period(s) during which noxious(More)
Spinal glial reaction and proinflammatory cytokine induction play an important role in the development of chronic pain states after tissue and nerve injury. The present study investigated the cellular and molecular mechanisms underlying descending facilitation of neuropathic pain with an emphasis on supraspinal glial-neuronal relationships. An early and(More)