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The nomenclature proposed in the October 2003 report of the Nomenclature Review Committee of the World Allergy Organization is an update of the European Academy of Allergology and Clinical Immunology Revised Nomenclature for Allergy Position Statement published in 2001. The nomenclature can be used independently of target organ or patient age group and is(More)
We compared the effectiveness of inhaled formoterol with that of ipratropium in the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). After a 2-wk run-in period, 780 patients with COPD were randomized to receive for 12 wk formoterol dry powder 12 or 24 microg twice daily, ipratropium bromide 40 microg four times daily, or placebo in a multicenter,(More)
BACKGROUND Indacaterol is a long-acting inhaled beta(2)-agonist (LABA) for the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). In previous studies, indacaterol provided 24 h bronchodilation on once-daily dosing with a fast onset of action. This study compared the efficacy and safety of indacaterol with the twice-daily LABA formoterol and placebo(More)
BACKGROUND Allergen immunotherapy (desensitization) by injection is effective for seasonal allergic rhinitis and has been shown to induce long-term disease remission. The sublingual route also has potential, although definitive evidence from large randomized controlled trials has been lacking. OBJECTIVE The aim was to confirm the efficacy of a rapidly(More)
A novel neuropeptide with 38 residues (PACAP38) was isolated from ovine hypothalamic tissues using the pituitary adenylate cyclase activation in rat pituitary cell cultures as a parameter of the biological activity (Miyata et al, Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 164, 567-574, 1989). From the side fractions obtained during the purification of PACAP38, a(More)
Indacaterol is a novel, inhaled, once-daily, ultra-long-acting β(2)-agonist bronchodilator recently approved in Europe for the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The aim of the present study was to investigate the efficacy and safety of indacaterol compared with placebo and the twice-daily β(2)-agonist, salmeterol, as an active(More)
BACKGROUND Treatment with inhaled glucocorticoids in combination with long-acting bronchodilators is recommended in patients with frequent exacerbations of severe chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). However, the benefit of inhaled glucocorticoids in addition to two long-acting bronchodilators has not been fully explored. METHODS In this(More)
This study evaluated whether formaldehyde, at concentrations similar to those found in the indoor environment, could produce adverse effects on the lower airway of 15 asthmatic persons with documented bronchial hyperresponsiveness who were exposed for 90 min in a climate chamber to clean air containing formaldehyde vapor at levels of 0.85 mg/m3, 0.12 mg/m3,(More)