Ronald D. Berger

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We have demonstrated previously that transfer function analysis can be used to precisely characterize the respiratory sinus arrhythmia (RSA) in normal humans. To further investigate the role of the autonomic nervous system in RSA and to understand the complex links between respiratory activity and arterial pressure, we determined the transfer functions(More)
BACKGROUND Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is associated with a high incidence of malignant ventricular arrhythmias and sudden death. Abnormalities in repolarization of ventricular myocardium have been implicated in the development of these arrhythmias. Spatial heterogeneity in repolarization has been studied in DCM, but temporal fluctuations in repolarization(More)
BACKGROUND This study sought to define the technique and results of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of pulmonary vein (PV) anatomy before and after catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF). METHODS AND RESULTS Twenty-eight patients with AF underwent ablation. Patients underwent gadolinium-enhanced MRI before and 6 weeks after their procedures. A(More)
We present a useful technique for analyzing the various functional components that comprise the cardiovascular control network. Our approach entails the imposition of a signal with broad frequency content as an input excitation and the computation of a system transfer function using spectral estimation techniques. In this paper, we outline the analytical(More)
An efficient new technique was developed to investigate heart rate control at all physiologically relevant frequencies by using respiratory activity as a frequency probe of the autonomic nervous response. The transfer function from respiratory activity to heart rate was determined during 6-min periods in which the respiratory rate was voluntarily controlled(More)
BACKGROUND Left ventricular or biventricular pacing/stimulation can acutely improve systolic function in patients with dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) and intraventricular conduction delay by resynchronizing contraction. Most heart failure therapies directly enhancing systolic function do so while concomitantly increasing myocardial oxygen consumption(More)
Cardiovascular variables such as heart rate, arterial blood pressure, stroke volume and the shape of electrocardiographic complexes all fluctuate on a beat to beat basis. These fluctuations have traditionally been ignored or, at best, treated as noise to be averaged out. The variability in cardiovascular signals reflects the homeodynamic interplay between(More)
The KvLQT1 gene encodes a voltage-gated potassium channel. Mutations in KvLQT1 underlie the dominantly transmitted Ward-Romano long QT syndrome, which causes cardiac arrhythmia, and the recessively transmitted Jervell and Lange-Nielsen syndrome, which causes both cardiac arrhythmia and congenital deafness. KvLQT1 is also disrupted by balanced germline(More)
INTRODUCTION No prior studies have reported the use of integrated electroanatomic mapping with preacquired magnetic resonance/computed tomographic (MR/CT) images to guide catheter ablation of atrial fibrillation (AF) in a series of patients. METHODS AND RESULTS Sixteen consecutive patients with drug-refractory AF underwent catheter ablation under the(More)