Ronald Chase

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The anatomical organization of the olfactory system of terrestrial snails and slugs is described in this paper, primarily on the basis of experiments using the African snail Achatina fulica. Behavioral studies demonstrate the functional competence of olfaction in mediating food finding, conspecific attraction, and homing. The neural substrate for olfaction(More)
The function of the love dart in certain species of terrestrial snails is unknown. In Helix aspersa, the dart is a sharp calcareous structure that is used to pierce the partner's skin during courtship. When expelled, the dart is covered with a thick mucus. The hypothesis tested here is that the mucus contains a biologically active substance. Extracts of the(More)
1. The olfactory orienting behavior of the terrestrial snailAchatina fulica was studied in intact animals, in animals with bilateral lesions of either the anterior tentacles or the posterior tentacles, and in animals with unilateral lesions of the posterior tentacles. Tentacular function was evaluated under three different conditions. 2. One assay required(More)
Evidence is presented indicating that the mesocerebrum of the terrestrial snail, Helix aspersa, has a major role in the control of sexual behavior. Morphological and physiological results demonstrate a right-sided bias in the mesocerebrum that is consistent with the fact that sexual behavior is executed almost entirely on the animal's right side. Thus, the(More)
  • R Chase
  • Microscopy research and technique
  • 2000
Evidence is reviewed to evaluate whether the term "brain is justified in referring to the snail's cerebral ganglion. The focus of the review is terrestrial species, with particular attention given to the genus Helix. In accordance with a standard definition of "brain, the cerebral ganglion is found to be differentiated both structurally and functionally. It(More)
Despite the likely importance of post-copulatory sexual selection in simultaneous hermaphrodites, the factors influencing sperm competition in these organisms are generally unknown. We have investigated the effects of dart-shooting, mating order, and several other predictors on the proportion of offspring fathered by penultimate (P n -1) and ultimate (P n )(More)
Terrestrial snails have a highly developed sense of olfaction. Because the procerebrum has a large number of cells and is located at the entry site of the olfactory nerve into the brain, the structure is thought to have a significant role in the processing of olfactory stimuli. The morphology of the procerebral neurons in the snail Helix aspersa was(More)
Many of the seemingly bizarre animal behaviours can be understood only by acknowledging the power of sex to shape evolution. A case in point is the so-called love-dart that some terrestrial molluscs shoot at their prospective sexual partners. Given that the likelihood of copulation is not different after solid hits than after complete misses, why do these(More)