Ronald C Kessler

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CONTEXT Little is known about lifetime prevalence or age of onset of DSM-IV disorders. OBJECTIVE To estimate lifetime prevalence and age-of-onset distributions of DSM-IV disorders in the recently completed National Comorbidity Survey Replication. DESIGN AND SETTING Nationally representative face-to-face household survey conducted between February 2001(More)
BACKGROUND This study presents estimates of lifetime and 12-month prevalence of 14 DSM-III-R psychiatric disorders from the National Comorbidity Survey, the first survey to administer a structured psychiatric interview to a national probability sample in the United States. METHODS The DSM-III-R psychiatric disorders among persons aged 15 to 54 years in(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about the general population prevalence or severity of DSM-IV mental disorders. OBJECTIVE To estimate 12-month prevalence, severity, and comorbidity of DSM-IV anxiety, mood, impulse control, and substance disorders in the recently completed US National Comorbidity Survey Replication. DESIGN AND SETTING Nationally(More)
BACKGROUND Data were obtained on the general population epidemiology of DSM-III-R posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), including information on estimated life-time prevalence, the kinds of traumas most often associated with PTSD, sociodemographic correlates, the comorbidity of PTSD with other lifetime psychiatric disorders, and the duration of an index(More)
BACKGROUND A 10-question screening scale of psychological distress and a six-question short-form scale embedded within the 10-question scale were developed for the redesigned US National Health Interview Survey (NHIS). METHODS Initial pilot questions were administered in a US national mail survey (N = 1401). A reduced set of questions was subsequently(More)
This paper presents an overview of the World Mental Health (WMH) Survey Initiative version of the World Health Organization (WHO) Composite International Diagnostic Interview (CIDI) and a discussion of the methodological research on which the development of the instrument was based. The WMH-CIDI includes a screening module and 40 sections that focus on(More)
CONTEXT Uncertainties exist about prevalence and correlates of major depressive disorder (MDD). OBJECTIVE To present nationally representative data on prevalence and correlates of MDD by Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition (DSM-IV) criteria, and on study patterns and correlates of treatment and treatment adequacy from the(More)
OBJECTIVE Despite growing interest in adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), little is known about its prevalence or correlates. METHOD A screen for adult ADHD was included in a probability subsample (N=3,199) of 18-44-year-old respondents in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication, a nationally representative household survey that(More)
CONTEXT A prior national survey documented the high prevalence and costs of alternative medicine use in the United States in 1990. OBJECTIVE To document trends in alternative medicine use in the United States between 1990 and 1997. DESIGN Nationally representative random household telephone surveys using comparable key questions were conducted in 1991(More)
BACKGROUND The study estimates the relative importance of specific types of traumas experienced in the community in terms of their prevalence and risk of leading to posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). METHODS A representative sample of 2181 persons in the Detroit area aged 18 to 45 years were interviewed by telephone to assess the lifetime history of(More)