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STUDY DESIGN This study evaluated the effect of lumbosacral spinal manipulation with thrust and spinal mobilization without thrust on the excitability of the alpha motoneuronal pool in human subjects without low back pain. OBJECTIVES To investigate the effect of high velocity, low amplitude thrust, or mobilization without thrust on the excitability of the(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare alterations in motoneuron pool excitability after eccentric-biased (ECC-B) downhill running exercise with non-biased (NO-B) level running exercise. Six male subjects (25-34 yr) participated in the study, which included ECC-B exercise (-10% grade) and NO-B exercise (0% grade) at 50% of maximal O2 uptake for 20 min.(More)
The effect of 30 min of cycling exercise at 60% VO2max on hemodynamic responses to the Stroop and cold pressor tests in 12 normotensive males was examined. Subjects were randomly assigned in a counterbalanced design to perform the stressors pre- and postexercise and served as their own controls. Cardiac output (CO), heart rate (HR), and stroke volume were(More)
This study investigated the effects of particulate matter (PM) with aerodynamic diameter 0.02-1 microm (noted as PM1) inhalation during exercise on conduit artery and microvascular function. Inhalation of internal combustion-derived PM is associated with cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. Direct action of PM on the vascular endothelium is likely, as a(More)
Weight training (WT) as a countermeasure to +Gz intolerance seems to be an accepted modality, but lacks convincing support in the research literature. This study examines factors associated with WT in an operational environment as a countermeasure to +Gz intolerance. Fourteen naval aviators were assigned to a WT group (n = 7) and a non-weight-trained(More)
The question of the composition of exercise protocols for use by astronauts in microgravity is unresolved. Based on our knowledge of physical working requirements for astronauts during intra- and extravehicular activity and on the findings from bed-rest studies that utilized exercise training as a countermeasure for the reduction of aerobic power,(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare the magnitude and duration of motoneuron inhibition occurring as a sequel to spinal manipulation or paraspinal and limb massage. The physiologic mechanisms involved in spinal manipulative therapy and massage therapy are largely unknown. One possible hypothesis is based upon the theory that these two distinct and(More)
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of former athleticism and current activity status on static and dynamic postural balance in older adults. Fifty-six subjects participated in four study groups including former athletes, currently active (AA; n = 15; 69.1+/-4.4 years.; 77.8+/-9.8 kg), former athletes, currently inactive (AI; n = 12;(More)
Recent reports have suggested that running economy (RE) defined as oxygen consumption at standardized treadmill speeds may be an important determinant for successful distance running performance. The purpose of this study was to examine the additional role, if any, played by anaerobic factors in distance running performance. Highly trained male(More)
The current exercise literature lacks physiological evidence for a stress reduction induced by high intensity aerobic work. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of high intensity aerobic work on stress reduction and to evaluate the currently tenable hypotheses in view of the data on the response to high intensity work. The subjects(More)