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Recent reports have suggested that running economy (RE) defined as oxygen consumption at standardized treadmill speeds may be an important determinant for successful distance running performance. The purpose of this study was to examine the additional role, if any, played by anaerobic factors in distance running performance. Highly trained male(More)
STUDY DESIGN This study evaluated the effect of lumbosacral spinal manipulation with thrust and spinal mobilization without thrust on the excitability of the alpha motoneuronal pool in human subjects without low back pain. OBJECTIVES To investigate the effect of high velocity, low amplitude thrust, or mobilization without thrust on the excitability of the(More)
This study investigated the effects of particulate matter (PM) with aerodynamic diameter 0.02-1 microm (noted as PM1) inhalation during exercise on conduit artery and microvascular function. Inhalation of internal combustion-derived PM is associated with cardiovascular mortality and morbidity. Direct action of PM on the vascular endothelium is likely, as a(More)
The effect of 30 min of cycling exercise at 60% VO2max on hemodynamic responses to the Stroop and cold pressor tests in 12 normotensive males was examined. Subjects were randomly assigned in a counterbalanced design to perform the stressors pre- and postexercise and served as their own controls. Cardiac output (CO), heart rate (HR), and stroke volume were(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare alterations in motoneuron pool excitability after eccentric-biased (ECC-B) downhill running exercise with non-biased (NO-B) level running exercise. Six male subjects (25-34 yr) participated in the study, which included ECC-B exercise (-10% grade) and NO-B exercise (0% grade) at 50% of maximal O2 uptake for 20 min.(More)
The purpose of the study was to reexamine the relationship between the Wingate and Critical Power tests of anaerobic capacity (AC) and anaerobic reserve (AR), respectively. A second purpose was to observe gender differences. Both tests were administered to 16 female and 13 male subjects (N = 29) on a Monark cycle ergometer with six subjects repeating AR(More)
Weight training (WT) as a countermeasure to +Gz intolerance seems to be an accepted modality, but lacks convincing support in the research literature. This study examines factors associated with WT in an operational environment as a countermeasure to +Gz intolerance. Fourteen naval aviators were assigned to a WT group (n = 7) and a non-weight-trained(More)
The question of the composition of exercise protocols for use by astronauts in microgravity is unresolved. Based on our knowledge of physical working requirements for astronauts during intra- and extravehicular activity and on the findings from bed-rest studies that utilized exercise training as a countermeasure for the reduction of aerobic power,(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare the magnitude and duration of motoneuron inhibition occurring as a sequel to spinal manipulation or paraspinal and limb massage. The physiologic mechanisms involved in spinal manipulative therapy and massage therapy are largely unknown. One possible hypothesis is based upon the theory that these two distinct and(More)