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We have used fluorescent microscopy to map DNA replication sites in the interphase cell nucleus after incorporation of biotinylated dUTP into permeabilized PtK-1 kangaroo kidney or 3T3 mouse fibroblast cells. Discrete replication granules were found distributed throughout the nuclear interior and along the periphery. Three distinct patterns of replication(More)
Fluorescence microscopic analysis of newly replicated DNA has revealed discrete granular sites of replication (RS). The average size and number of replication sites from early to mid S-phase suggest that each RS contains numerous replicons clustered together. We are using fluorescence laser scanning confocal microscopy in conjunction with multidimensional(More)
Microscopy shows that individual sites of DNA replication and transcription of mammalian nuclei segregate into sets of roughly 22 and 16 higher order domains, respectively. Each domain set displayed a distinct network-like appearance, including regions of individual domains and interdigitation of domains between the two networks. These data support a(More)
A nuclear framework structure termed the nuclear matrix has been isolated and characterized. This matrix forms the major residual structure of isolated nuclei and consists largely of protein with smaller amounts of RNA, DNA, carbohydrate, and phospholipid. The nuclear matrix can be further resolved by combined treatment with DNase and RNase. The remaining(More)
The integrative nuclear FGFR1 signaling (INFS) pathway functions in association with cellular growth, differentiation, and regulation of gene expression, and is activated by diverse extracellular signals. Here we show that stimulation of angiotensin II (AII) receptors, depolarization, or activation protein kinase C (PKC) or adenylate cyclase all lead to(More)
Activation of NMDA receptors leads to activation of cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA). The main substrates phosphorylated by PKA following NMDA receptor activation remain unidentified. The aim of this work was to identify a major substrate phosphorylated by PKA following NMDA receptor activation in cerebellar neurones in culture, and to assess whether(More)
Isolated rat liver nuclear matrices have been partially separated by means of mild sonication into a matrix protein (matricin) fraction and a residual ribonucleoprotein (RNP) fraction. The initial matricin fraction is composed largely of protein (91.1%) but also contains significant amounts of DNA (8.4%). Reconstruction experiments indicate that this DNA is(More)
Transcription sites are detected by labeling nascent transcripts with BrUTP in permeabilized 3T3 mouse fibroblasts followed by laser scanning confocal microscopy. Inhibition and enzyme digestion studies confirm that the labeled sites are from RNA transcripts and that RNA polymerase I (RP I) and II (RP II) are responsible for nucleolar and extranucleolar(More)
Biochemical fractionation was combined with high resolution electron microscopic autoradiography to study the localization in rat liver nuclear matrix of attached DNA fragments, in vivo replicated DNA, and in vitro synthesized DNA. In particular, we determined the distribution of these DNA components with the peripheral nuclear lamina versus more internally(More)