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We have used fluorescent microscopy to map DNA replication sites in the interphase cell nucleus after incorporation of biotinylated dUTP into permeabilized PtK-1 kangaroo kidney or 3T3 mouse fibroblast cells. Discrete replication granules were found distributed throughout the nuclear interior and along the periphery. Three distinct patterns of replication(More)
Fluorescence microscopic analysis of newly replicated DNA has revealed discrete granular sites of replication (RS). The average size and number of replication sites from early to mid S-phase suggest that each RS contains numerous replicons clustered together. We are using fluorescence laser scanning confocal microscopy in conjunction with multidimensional(More)
Microscopy shows that individual sites of DNA replication and transcription of mammalian nuclei segregate into sets of roughly 22 and 16 higher order domains, respectively. Each domain set displayed a distinct network-like appearance, including regions of individual domains and interdigitation of domains between the two networks. These data support a(More)
To study the possible role of the nuclear matrix in chromosome territory organization, normal human fibroblast cells are treated in situ via classic isolation procedures for nuclear matrix in the absence of nuclease (e.g., DNase I) digestion, followed by chromosome painting. We report for the first time that chromosome territories are maintained intact on(More)
The integrative nuclear FGFR1 signaling (INFS) pathway functions in association with cellular growth, differentiation, and regulation of gene expression, and is activated by diverse extracellular signals. Here we show that stimulation of angiotensin II (AII) receptors, depolarization, or activation protein kinase C (PKC) or adenylate cyclase all lead to(More)
A nuclear framework structure termed the nuclear matrix has been isolated and characterized. This matrix forms the major residual structure of isolated nuclei and consists largely of protein with smaller amounts of RNA, DNA, carbohydrate, and phospholipid. The nuclear matrix can be further resolved by combined treatment with DNase and RNase. The remaining(More)
Activation of NMDA receptors leads to activation of cAMP-dependent protein kinase (PKA). The main substrates phosphorylated by PKA following NMDA receptor activation remain unidentified. The aim of this work was to identify a major substrate phosphorylated by PKA following NMDA receptor activation in cerebellar neurones in culture, and to assess whether(More)
The residual structural framework of the cell nucleus termed the nuclear protein matrix, is associated with newly synthesized DNA in regenerating rat liver. One minute after rats are injected with [3-H] thymidine, more than 90 percent of the total tritium in nuclear DNA is associated with the matrix DNA although this DNA comprises only 25 percent of the(More)
Isolated rat liver nuclear matrices have been partially separated by means of mild sonication into a matrix protein (matricin) fraction and a residual ribonucleopro-tein (RNP) fraction. The initial matricin fraction is composed largely of protein (91 .1%) but also contains significant amounts of DNA (8.4%). Reconstruction experiments indicate that this DNA(More)
Transcription sites are detected by labeling nascent transcripts with BrUTP in permeabilized 3T3 mouse fibroblasts followed by laser scanning confocal microscopy. Inhibition and enzyme digestion studies confirm that the labeled sites are from RNA transcripts and that RNA polymerase I (RP I) and II (RP II) are responsible for nucleolar and extranucleolar(More)