Ronald Benner

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Bacterial utilization of high-molecular-weight (HMW; > 1 kDa) and low-molecular-weight (LMW; < 1 kDa) dissolved organic C (DOC) was investigated in freshwater and marine systems by measuring dissolved oxygen consumption, bacterial abundance, and bacterial production in size-fractionated samples. Tangentialflow ultrafiltration was used to separate HMW and(More)
Most of the oceanic reservoir of dissolved organic matter (DOM) is of marine origin and is resistant to microbial oxidation, but little is known about the mechanisms of its formation. In a laboratory study, natural assemblages of marine bacteria rapidly (in <48 hours) utilized labile compounds (glucose, glutamate) and produced refractory DOM that persisted(More)
Dissolved organic matter (DOM) is the largest reservoir of reduced carbon in the oceans. The nature of DOM is poorly understood, in part, because it has been difficult to isolate sufficient amounts of representative material for analysis. Tangential-flow ultrafiltration was shown to recover milligram amounts of >1000 daltons of DOM from seawater collected(More)
Bacterial alkaline phosphatases (APases) are important enzymes in organophosphate utilization in the ocean. The subcellular localization of APases has significant ecological implications for marine biota but is largely unknown. The extensive metagenomic sequence databases from the Global Ocean Sampling Expedition provide an opportunity to address this(More)
Heterotrophic bacterial growth and the chemical composition of dissolved organic matter (DOM) produced by bacteria from freshwater and marine environments were monitored during experiments with artificial media containing glucose as the sole carbon source. Glucose was quickly consumed, and DOM was released during bacterial growth. Percentages of(More)
Although the principal source of marine organic matter is phytoplankton, experimental data on carbon and nitrogen mass balance during their growth cycle are lacking. Phytoplankton from diverse taxonomic groups (Synechococcus bacillaris, Phaeocystis sp., Emiliania huxleyi, Skeletonema costatum) were grown in synthetic seawater media, and changes in(More)
Carbohydrates are major components of marine organic matter, but few molecular-level carbohydrate analyses in seawater have been undertaken owing to the low concentrations of individual compounds. This paper presents novel data on aldose compositions and concentrations in various size fractions of particulate and dissolved organic matter from the equatorial(More)
Solid-phase extraction (SPE) was tested for the isolation of dissolved lignin from diverse natural waters (fresh, estuarine, and marine) in preparation for CuO oxidation. Capillary GC coupled to selected-ion monitoring mass spectrometry (SIM-MS) of CuO oxidation products provides the high sensitivity and precision required for the identification and(More)
The present study demonstrates that the spectral slope coefficient of chromophoric dissolved organic matter (CDOM) between 275 nm and 295 nm (S275–295) can be used as a tracer of the percent terrigenous dissolved organic carbon (%tDOC) in river-influenced ocean margins, where rivers exert an important control on carbon dynamics and CO2 fluxes. Absorption(More)
The biological pump is a process whereby CO(2) in the upper ocean is fixed by primary producers and transported to the deep ocean as sinking biogenic particles or as dissolved organic matter. The fate of most of this exported material is remineralization to CO(2), which accumulates in deep waters until it is eventually ventilated again at the sea surface.(More)