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In utero estimates of fetal weight were evaluated prospectively in 109 fetuses with the use of sonographic models developed in a previous study. This report confirms that the best in utero weight estimates result from the use of models based on measurements of head size, abdominal size, and femur length. Since the accuracy of these models (1 SD = 7.5%) is(More)
OBJECTIVES This study evaluated the long-term effectiveness of Safer Choices, a theory-based, multi-component educational program designed to reduce sexual risk behaviors and increase protective behaviors in preventing HIV, other STDs, and pregnancy among high school students. METHODS The study used a randomized controlled trial involving 20 high schools(More)
Sonographic estimation of fetal weight in utero was performed in 167 live-born fetuses examined within one week of delivery. Regression models were based on measurements of abdominal circumference, head circumference, biparietal diameter, and femur length, both alone and in combination. The best results (1 S.D. = 7.5% of actual weight) were obtained by(More)
This study evaluated the effectiveness of the first year of Safer Choices, a theoretically based, multicomponent HIV, STD, and pregnancy prevention program for high school youth. The study featured a randomized trial involving 20 schools in California and Texas, with a cohort of 3,869 ninth-grade students. Students who completed both the baseline and the(More)
There has been growing interest in the relationship between the social environment and health. Among the concepts that have emerged over the past decade to examine this relationship are socio-economic inequality and social capital. Using data from the World Values Survey and the World Bank, we tested the hypothesis that self-rated health is affected by(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the 6-month change in selected nutrients and number of binge days (from 7-day food records) between obese binge eaters randomly assigned to either a behavioral self-management (BSM) or waiting list control (WLC) group. Within each of the 2 groups, the average intake of selected nutrients on binge and nonbinge days at baseline and at 6(More)
Regression analysis was used to develop an in utero fetal weight model from a population of 392 predominantly middle-class white patients with certain menstrual histories. There was a gradual increase in fetal weight from 35 g at 10 weeks to 3,619 g at 40 weeks, with uniform variance of +/- 12.7% (1 standard deviation) throughout gestation. When tested(More)
OBJECTIVES Ten Seattle high schools made condoms available through vending machines, baskets in school clinics, or both. This study measured the number of condoms that students obtained and subsequent changes in sexual behavior and condom use. METHODS Schoolwide surveys were administered in spring 1993 and in spring 1995, before and during the condom(More)
The effects of collection technique, storage container, and the duration and temperature of storage on selected nutrient concentrations in mature human milk were evaluated. Milk samples were collected during the fourth week of lactation from women 20-35 years of age by hand expression or suction. Greater volumes and fat concentrations were observed in milks(More)
BACKGROUND Longitudinal data on the normal development of blood lipids and its relationships with body fatness in children and adolescents are limited. Objectives of the current analysis were to estimate trajectories related to age for four blood lipid components and to examine the impact of change in body fatness on blood lipid levels, comparing estimated(More)