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Tadpoles in small, ephemeral pools whose duration and food content are unpredictable can potentially encounter substantial variation in diet composition and availability. We compared the effects of 10 days of food deprivation occurring early, midway and late in ontogeny on the metamorphic size and bioenergetic properties of Hyla chrysoscelis tadpoles.(More)
The ability to isolate and perform nucleic acid analyses of individual cells is critical to studying the development of various cell types and structures. We present a novel biological sample preparation method developed for laser capture microdissection-assisted nucleic acid analysis of ultrathin cell/tissue sections. We used cells of the mitotic bed of(More)
Metamorphic vertebrate species are of particular interest in ecological and evolutionary studies because the decoupling of larval and adult growth patterns potentially allows adaptive diversifications of the separate stages. Larval and adult growth might be much more constrained if allometric patterns were constant throughout ontogeny. To better understand(More)
Fanged frogs (Limnonectes) are a group of dicroglossid frogs from Asia that often have reversed sexual dimorphism with larger males. Limnonectes dabanus is a poorly known species of fanged frog from forested habitats in southern Vietnam and eastern Cambodia. Adult males exhibit an extreme degree of megacephaly and possess bizarre head ornamentation. L.(More)
1. Ontogenetic and interspecific differences in behavior and tolerance to low oxygen concentrations are reported for four species of Ambystoma larvae. 2. These differences are related to habitat and time of breeding. 3. Tolerance prior to hatching decreased with increasing embryonic states in all species. 4. Premetamorphic larvae were more tolerant than(More)
Sterling's Toothed Toad, Oreolalax sterlingae (Nguyen et al. 2013), was described from near the summit of the highest peak in Vietnam, Mount Fansipan, Lao Cai Province. The species is the only member of the genus in Vietnam and is presently known from a single stream system on Mount Fansipan at about 2800 m elevation. The closest congener occurs more than(More)
The ecomorphological guild “gastromyzophorous” joins tadpoles that inhabit flowing water and have an abdominal sucker which is employed to adhere to substrates. Historically, gastromyzophorous larvae were known in the Bufonidae and Ranidae, but a new sucker-bearing hylid tadpole was recently described from phytotelmons in Brazilian forests. We describe the(More)
Most of the reproductive modes of frogs include an exotrophic tadpole, but a number of taxa have some form of endotrophic development that lacks a feeding tadpole stage. The dicroglossid frog genus Limnonectes ranges from China south into Indonesia. The breeding biologies of the approximately 60 described species display an unusual diversity that range from(More)
The breeding behavior of Glyphoglossus molossus is described from still and video images taken in Cambodia. These large, burrowing frogs follow the general theme of microhylids that deposit aquatic eggs: explosive breeding in ephemeral water and performing multiple amplectic dips to oviposit surface films of pigmented eggs. A portion of a clutch is released(More)